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Ethics without Morality, Morality without Ethics—Politics, Identity, Responsibility in Our Contemporary World  [PDF]
Emma Palese
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.33055
Abstract: Ethics without morality and morality without ethics are the characteristics of two distinct eras: modernity and post-modernity. The duty to obey the law is an ethical act, but not always moral. Morality in fact is something more: a principle of responsibility and an index of humanity. This paper aims to explain the historical relationship between morality, ethics and politics up to the present day. The erosion of the nation-state, global capitalism, bio-economy leads us to rethink the meaning of ethics, morality and politics. A utilitarian ethics and a necessary morality may be the new frontiers of our contemporary world.
The Promise and Threat of Nanotechnology: Can Environmental Ethics Guide US?
Christopher J. Preston
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2005,
Abstract: The growing presence of the products of nanotechnology in the public domain raises a number of ethical questions. This paper considers whether existing environmental ethics can provide some guidance on these questions. After a brief discussion of the appropriateness of an environmental ethics framework for the task at hand, the paper identifies a representative environmental ethic and uses it to evaluate four salient issues that emerge from nanotechnology. The discussion is intended both to give an initial theoretical take on nanotechnology from the perspective of environmental ethics and to provide a clear indication of the direction from which environmental resistance might come.
Ethics for medical educators: An overview and fallacies  [cached]
Singh Arjun
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Ethics is the rule of right conduct or practice in a profession. The basic principles of ethics are beneficence, justice and autonomy or individual freedom. There is very minor demarcation between ethics and the law. The ethics is promulgated by the professional bodies. All are expected to guide the medical professional in their practice. Medical educators have dual ethical obligations: firstly, to the society at large which expects us to produce competent health professionals, and secondly, to the students under our care. The students observe and copy what their teacher does and his/her role modelling can be a gateway to a student′s character building. Due to rapid increase in the number of medical colleges, privatization, and capitalism, ethical issue has become much more relevant and needs to discuss in detail. The present paper discusses the ethics for medical educators in detail with, basic principles, common breaches of ethics and fallacies due to wrong application of ethical principles, and the approach to ethics and methods by which we can prevent and avoid breach of ethics.
Requirements for ethics committee review for studies submitted to Implementation Science
Martin P Eccles, Charles Weijer, Brian Mittman
Implementation Science , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-6-32
Abstract: The requirement for ethics committee review of studies submitted to Implementation Science is unclear. We regularly receive manuscripts that have not been reviewed by an ethics committee; there appear to be four general reasons for this. First, authors claim that studies with no research intervention do not need ethics committee approval. Second, authors from some countries (e.g., The Netherlands) say that their system exempts certain types of study from the need for ethics committee review and so they have not, and do not see the need to, approach an ethics committee. However, we have seen a clear dichotomy in practice within such countries, with some authors choosing to approach ethics committees and some not. Third, authors claim that what they have done is 'quality improvement' and so is exempt from the need for ethics review. Finally, particularly in international studies, authors may be unclear about how and where to obtain appropriate ethics review.Our instructions to authors clearly state the need for ethics committee review of randomised controlled trials and other studies that involve the delivery of a research intervention. However, our requirements in relation to non-intervention research studies are not stated. Therefore, to clarify the position for authors considering submission to Implementation Science, we set out in this editorial the key considerations that guide our judgements on the need for ethics committee review and what we require of authors.The Declaration of Helsinki requires that all medical research be submitted to and approved by an ethics committee. It states: 'The research protocol must be submitted for consideration, comment, guidance and approval to a research ethics committee before the study begins' [1]. It is well understood that legal and ethical requirements for research vary from one country to another. Thus, in its review, an ethics committee will 'take into consideration the laws and regulations of the country or countries in
Review of 'Ethics and AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking' by Anton A. van Niekerk and Loretta M. Kopelman (Eds)
Stephanie A Nixon, Nkosinathi Ngcobo
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1747-5341-2-1
Abstract: Given the magnitude of the AIDS catastrophe in Africa – and given that the causes and consequences of this crisis directly involve issues of justice – it is surprising that, to date, no major books addressing AIDS in Africa have been produced by (those who primarily consider themselves to be) bioethicists. As this is one of the most important issues of our time, the lack of bioethics literature is unfortunate and reflects poorly on the discipline of bioethics [1].Anton A. van Niekerk of the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa and Loretta M. Kopelman of East Carolina University in the United States tackle Selgelid's challenge in their co-edited anthology of articles called, Ethics and AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to Our Thinking [2].The book is not only about Africa but, importantly, draws heavily on the work of African scholars, which is significant in a field like bioethics that tends to be dominated by academics in North America and Europe. The contributions here and elsewhere from such African scholars as Godfrey Tangwa, Keymanthri Moodley and Solomon Benatar are required reading for Western ethicists concerned with international issues and Africa in particular.Bioethics as a discipline tends to bring together scholars from a range of fields; so too does this anthology gather ideas from multiple perspectives including philosophers, economists and public health specialists. The book grew out of a special edition of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy that was guest edited by van Niekerk and Kopelman in 2002. Approximately half of the articles in the current anthology were originally published in that special edition, which is a testament to the enduring value of their ideas four years later but also puts the content at risk of becoming outdated which is the case in places.The chapters cover issues ranging from research ethics to public health ethics to metaethics, and consider the experiences of not only adults, but also children and infants. Several th
Review of Anton A. Niekerk and Loretta M. Kopelman (eds.) Ethics and AIDS in Africa: The Challenge to our Thinking
Stuart Rennie
AIDS Research and Therapy , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1742-6405-3-24
Abstract: Editors Van Niekerk and Kopelman have assembled an impressive list of well-respected authors to deal with this question. Their contributions focus on the impact of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa and take on some of the key ethical issues raised by HIV/AIDS research, policy and clinical practice in the region. Although rich in details, it is fair to say that four general themes dominate this book: the ethical role of national governments in tackling the AIDS epidemic, with special focus on the South African case; the epidemic and responses to it as reflections of global inequity; the ethical responsibilities of pharmaceutical companies in the struggle against HIV/AIDS, and the dilemmas involved in HIV prevention research, particularly in vaccine studies.For a book on ethics, there is an unusual amount of agreement. None of the authors seriously doubts the terrifying social impact HIV/AIDS is currently having in sub-Saharan Africa. There is general condemnation of the lack of leadership and intransigence of the South African government in its approach to both rolling out AIDS treatment and redoubling its HIV prevention efforts. There is also no question among the contributors that poverty, lack of education, gender inequality and inadequate health care infrastructure both fuel the spread of the virus and limit access to treatment, and that tackling the epidemic in Africa is inseparable from larger economic, social, political, human rights and development issues.But there are also interesting cracks in the consensus. Solomon Benatar argues that the AIDS epidemic in Africa has exposed our world as fundamentally inequitable and unstable, and little progress will be made unless current international relations in politics and trade are rethought and remade. Anton Van Niekerk counters that efforts in low-resource countries should focus on what is doable in the short-term, rather than a quixotic pursuit for global reform, and he argues that national governments in Africa cannot
ON THE ETHICS AND POETICS OF HOW WE MAKE OUR LIVES: ESMERALDA SANTIAGO AND THE IMPROVISATION OF IDENTITY  [cached]
José R. Rosario
Centro Journal , 2010,
Abstract: This interpretive essay explores the early memoirs of Esmeralda Santiago, When I was Puerto Rican and Almost a Woman, to show how narrative literature contributes to understanding how lives unfold as improvised ethical and aesthetic projects. Santiago's storied inventions are cast as relating more to oppositional ethics than to ideological struggle. Santiago pursues the life she owes to herself, not the life she owes to others. The ethical lapses in Santiago's life-making process are construed as the necessary improvised tactics individuals are constrained to make when fabricating a life with the culture and history they inherit.
How Lacan's Ethics Might Improve Our Understanding of Nietzsche's Critique of Platonism: The Neurosis and Nihilism of a ‘Life’ Against Life  [cached]
Tim Themi
Cosmos and History : the Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy , 2008,
Abstract: his paper sets to answering the question of how Lacanrsquo;s 1959-60 Seminar on emThe Ethics of Psychoanalysis/em, with its recurring critique of the Platonic idea of a moral Sovereign Good, might contribute to and improve our understanding of the Nietzschean project to diagnose the moral metaphysics instigated by Plato in philosophy, and by Christianity in religion, as a history of untruth and nihilismndash;ndash;emopposed to life/emndash;ndash;in preparation for its overcoming. I explore the possibility that Lacanrsquo;s emEthics/em might make such a contribution by i) its tripartite ontology of the real, the symbolic and the imaginary serving as an additional frame of reference for examining the nature of the Good and our configurations of desire beneath it; and ii) by its more detailed elaboration of the archaic, polymorphous perversity at the instinctual base of the drives, what Lacan in his emEthics/em will call emdas Ding/em, the somewhat diabolical Freudian Thing. I also attempt to indicate how Nietzschersquo;s own ethics might make a contribution to those of the Lacanian, for the purposes of further combating what I will take to be the contemporary neurosis and nihilism of a lsquo;lifersquo; emagainst/em lifendash;ndash;as indicated today for instance by such phenomena as the physical destruction of the environment, along with us as amongst its earthly inhabitants.
Reason as Our Guide  [PDF]
Elizabeth Blackburn,Janet Rowley
PLOS Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020116
Abstract:
Reason as Our Guide  [PDF]
Elizabeth Blackburn,Janet Rowley
PLOS Biology , 2004, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0020116
Abstract:
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