Article citations

    Powers, L.S.; Lloyd, C.R. Method and apparatus for detecting and imaging the presence of biological materialsUS Patent 7186990. 2007.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Discriminant Analysis of Raman Spectra for Body Fluid Identification for Forensic Purposes
  • AUTHORS: Vitali Sikirzhytski,Kelly Virkler,Igor K. Lednev
  • KEYWORDS: body fluids, semen, blood, saliva, forensic medicine, human, discriminant analysis, spectroscopy, spectrum analysis, Raman spectroscopy
  • JOURNAL NAME: Sensors DOI: 10.3390/s100402869 Sep 07, 2014
  • ABSTRACT: Detection and identification of blood, semen and saliva stains, the most common body fluids encountered at a crime scene, are very important aspects of forensic science today. This study targets the development of a nondestructive, confirmatory method for body fluid identification based on Raman spectroscopy coupled with advanced statistical analysis. Dry traces of blood, semen and saliva obtained from multiple donors were probed using a confocal Raman microscope with a 785-nm excitation wavelength under controlled laboratory conditions. Results demonstrated the capability of Raman spectroscopy to identify an unknown substance to be semen, blood or saliva with high confidence.