Article citations

    M. S. Forbes, R. J. Raison and J. O. Skjemstad, “Formation, Transformation and Transport of Black Carbon (Charcoal) in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 370, No. 1, 2006, pp. 190-206. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.06.007

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Impact of Simulated Airborne Soot on Maize Growth and Development
  • AUTHORS: Angela Anda, Berndett Illes
  • KEYWORDS: Black Carbon; Maize; Evapotranspiration; Albedo; Dry Matter Yield
  • JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Environmental Protection DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.38092 Sep 05, 2014
  • ABSTRACT: Various effects of the dry deposition of soot on maize were investigated in Keszthely (Hungary) in two consecutive years. In order to be able to study a wider range of weather conditions, some of the plants were placed in a Thornthwaite-Matter type evapotranspirometer and given ad libitum water supplies. Pollution with airborne black carbon was simulated throughout the season by distributing rates of 3 g?m–2 a week using a motorised dust sprayer. Among the plant growth parameters, the leaf area index was increased by 3% - 14%, depending on the year, suggesting that the plants were able to absorb the carbon settling on the leaves. The black carbon reduced the albedo of the canopy by 17.5% - 21.8%, depending on the year, forcing the polluted maize to absorb more energy. Part of this surplus energy was utilised for increased evapotranspiration (3.9% and 11% in the two years) and to raise the surface temperature of the canopy by 1℃ - 2℃ during the mid-day hours. The effect of the contamination on maize was more intense in the hot, dry year. The unfavourable effect of soot on maize fertilisation could be observed as a significant increase in the number of deformed ears, leading to a reduction in grain dry matter. The reduction in dry matter yield for polluted maize grown with irrigation in the evapotranspirometer was far less severe than that on non-irrigated plots, suggesting that irrigation was the most obvious solution for mitigating the negative effects of contamination with airborne soot.