Article citations

    Kug, J.-S., Jin, F.-F. and An, S.-I. (2009) Two Types of El Niño Events: Cold Tongue El Niño and Warm Pool El Niño. Journal of Climate, 22, 1499-1514.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Historical Phase-Locked El Niño Episodes
  • AUTHORS: David H. Douglass, Robert S. Knox, Scott Curtis, Benjamin S. Giese, Sulagna Ray
  • KEYWORDS: Climate, Climatology, Solar Forcing, Seasonal Effects, El Niño, Phase Locking
  • JOURNAL NAME: Atmospheric and Climate Sciences DOI: 10.4236/acs.2017.71005 Jan 18, 2017
  • ABSTRACT: Using a newly reported Pacific sea surface temperature data set, we extend a prior study that assigned El Ni&#241o episodes to distinct sequences. Within these sequences the episodes are phase-locked to subharmonics of the annual solar irradiance cycle having two- or three-year periodicity. There are 40 El Ni&#241o episodes occurring since 1872, each found within one of eighteen such sequences. Our list includes all previously reported events. Three El Ni&#241o episodes have already been observed in boreal winters of 2009, 2012 and 2015, illustrating a sequence of 3-year intervals that began in 2008. If the climate system remains in this state, the next El Ni&#241o is likely to occur in boreal winter of 2018.