the department of atlántico presents risk factors for the transmission of vector-borne diseases. the objective of this paper was to report culicidae species using an entomological system of surveillance based in larvitraps located in urban and periurban areas in the department of atlántico - colombia between 2004 and 2008. it was obtained weekly with information of the entomological material collected in fourteen larvitraps located in the international airport (2004-2008) and in four larvitraps placed in the transport terminal (2007-2008) in the municipality of soledad and in ten larvitraps settled in the army battalion (2005-2008) in the municipality of malambo. 83.369 mosquitoes larvae (culicidae) were collected: 37.370 (45%) from the airport, 35.376 (42%), from the transport terminal and 10.623 (13%) from the army battalion. aedes aegypti was the most abundant species (89,21%), followed by culex nigripalpus (3,45%), culex quinquefasciatus (2,46 %), haemagogus equinus (2,25%), culex coronator (1,19%), uranotaenia lowii (0,91%), culex stigmatosoma (0,52%) and aedes taeniorhynchus, anopheles albimanus, toxorhynchites spp with 0.01 % respectively. it is necessary to maintain a permanent entomological surveillance system in urban and periurban areas of the department of atlántico, in order to take prevention and control measures on time.