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Os museus históricos e pedagógicos do estado de S?o Paulo

DOI: 10.1590/S0101-47142008000200006

Keywords: museums and historical education, museology, history of culture, state of s?o paulo, collections, vinício stein campos.

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Abstract:

this paper analyzes the creation of the historical and pedagogical museums network in the state of s?o paulo between 1956 and 1973, mainly taking into consideration the concept for creation, the program, and the role of the museum in society. this work covers a period until the end of the 1990's, when the curators of the museums, which belonged to the state until that time, was transferred to the municipalities by means of a "municipalization" process coordinated by the department of museums and archives of the state department of cultural affairs (dema-sec). it also shows that the implementation of this museums network - among other initiatives in the fields of education and of culture - addressed earlier needs of asserting an identity, emphasizing through projects of this type the hegemonic character of the state. this allowed to align the initiative of creating the museums with others actions carried out by the state before, and also enabled that this topic was take out from its long isolation from the study of state history. it also considers the web of relationships existing among the various sectors with which museums were connected, such as education, culture, and the s?o paulo historical and geographical institute, the government, and society. the implementation of historical and pedagogical museums by means of state action, through its departments of education (from 1956 to 1968) and cultural affairs (from 1968 to 1998) was one of the ways through which the government orientated its activities during those years in the fields of history, education and culture. the central thesis is that the implementation of these museums has fully addressed the aspirations of society at the time, while, at the same time, underscoring the logic behind the ideation that has oriented the characteristic mode of operation of museums during the years in which their curatorship was exercised by the government, and proposes to consider them as a paradigm for "historical museums of

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