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Secondary metabolites from marine microorganisms

DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652002000100012

Keywords: bacteria, fungi, alkaloids, despsipeptides, terpenoids, acetogenins, biological activities.

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after 40 years of intensive research, chemistry of marine natural products has become a mature field. since 1995, there are signals of decreased interest in the search of new metabolites from traditional sources such as macroalgae and octocorals, and the number of annual reports on marine sponges stabilized. on the contrary, metabolites from microorganisms is a rapidly growing field, due, at least in part, to the suspicion that a number of metabolites obtained from algae and invertebrates may be produced by associated microorganisms. studies are concerned with bacteria and fungi, isolated from seawater, sediments, algae, fish and mainly from marine invertebrates such as sponges, mollusks, tunicates, coelenterates and crustaceans. although it is still to early to define tendencies, it may be stated that the metabolites from microorganisms are in most cases quite different from those produced by the invertebrate hosts. nitrogenated metabolites predominate over acetate derivatives, and terpenes are uncommon. among the latter, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes and carotenes have been isolated; among nitrogenated metabolites, amides, cyclic peptides and indole alkaloids predominate.


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