this research aimed to study the social climate of a group of families and its relationship with social skills performance of 108 children between the ages of two and three. social climate was assessed from three dimensions: relationships, development and stability; and social development through six social codes. the research was descriptive correlational. in order to assess the family social climate, the social climate scale was used; and to assess social skills, the social skills questionnaire was administered. results showed that cohesive families, those with a democratic trend characterized by allowing communication spaces, using expressions of affection and managing clear standards generate a wide repertoire of social skills; whereas families with a disciplined structure, characterized by authoritarian actions of the parents, are associated with lower levels of social performance in boys and girls. a similar situation was evidenced in families with a structure without orientation, characterized by the limited amount of clear standards and a high expression of affection and satisfaction of their sons and daughters' desires.