All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


The Effect of Interfacial Interactions on a Structure and Properties of Polyurethane Elastomer/Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Blends

DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2011.11001, PP. 1-7

Keywords: Polymer Composites, Compatibility, Microphase Separation, Glass Transition, Hard Domains, Crystallites, Associates, H-Bonds, Urethane-Urea Groups, Interfacial Interactions

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

The effect of chemical structure of segmented poly(urethane-urea)s on its interfacial interactions with poly(vinyl chloride) as well as supramolecular structure and the properties of prepared composites has been studied. A direct influence of flexible and rigid segments of elastomers on a compatibility, structure and the physical-mechanical properties of poly(urethane-urea)/poly(vinyl chloride) blends was investigated. A formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonds network in the poly(urethane-urea)/poly(vinyl chloride) systems was evaluated by FTIR analysis. Morphology studies have shown the effect of interfacial interactions on a size of thermoplastic phase dispersed within elastomer matrix. Obtained poly(urethane-urea)/poly(vinyl chloride) micro- and nanocomposites have improved tensile properties.

References

[1]  S. Omelchenko and T. Kadurina, “Modified Polyurethanes,” Kiev, USSR: Naukova Dumka Edition, 1983.
[2]  K. R. Gif-ford and D. K. Moore, “Study of the Compatibility of Blends of Various Thermoplastic Polyurethane Ela- stomers with Poly(vinyl chloride) Homopolymer,” Plastic and Rubber Materials Application, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1980, pp. 161-164.
[3]  C. B. Wang, S. L. Cooper, “Morphology and Properties of Poly(vinyl chloride)-Polyurethane Blends,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 26, 1981, pp. 2989-3006. doi:10.1002/app.1981.070260915
[4]  N. K. Kalfoglou, “Prop-erty-Composition Dependence of Polyurethane-Poly(vinyl chloride) Polyblends,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1981, pp. 823-831. doi:10.1002/app.1981.070260308
[5]  P. K. Bandyopadhyay and M. T. Shaw, “Viscoelastic and Engineering Properties of Poly(vinyl chloride) Plasticized with Polycaprolactone-Based Polyurethanes,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science,Vol. 27, No. 11, 1982, pp. 4323-4335. doi:10.1002/app.1982.070271122
[6]  N. Т. Sudaryanto and M. Ueno, “Miscibility of Segmented Polyurethane/Poly(vinyl chloride) Blends,” Jou- rnal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 8, 2001, pp. 3022-3029. doi:10.1002/app.2157.abs
[7]  T. Malysheva, “Polymer Blends Based on PVC and New Polyurethane Elastomers,” Kompozitionne Polymernie M- ateriali, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1998, pp. 31-36.
[8]  F. Xiao, D. Shen and X. Zhang, “Studies on the Morphology of Blends of Poly(vinyl chloride) and Segmented Polyurethanes,” Polymer, Vol. 28, No. 13, 1987, pp. 2335-2345. doi:10.1016/0032-3861(87)90396-X
[9]  J. Piglowski and T. Skowronski, “Miscibility in PVC-Poly- ester Blends,” Angewandte Makromolekulare Chemie, Vol. 85, 1980, pp. 129-136. doi:10.1002/apmc.1980.050850108
[10]  P. H. Chacatrjan, R. S. K?seleva, J. V. Zelenev and V. Voskresenskij, “Untersuchung der Physikalischen Eigenschaften von Polymer-Kompositen auf Basis von Poly (vinylchlorid) und Urethanelastomeren,” Acta Polymerica, Vol. 37, 1986, pp. 483-486. doi:10.1002/actp.1986.010370803
[11]  Yu. Lipatov, V. Shilov and V. Bliznyuk, “Peculiarities of Self-Organization in the Production of Interpenetrating Polymer Networks,” Vysokomo-lekulyarnye Soedinenia, Vol. 28, No. 8, 1986, pp. 1712-1718.
[12]  T. Malysheva, “Micro- and Nanocomposites of Vinyl Chloride Based Polymers and Polyurethane Elasto-mers,” Polimerni Journal, No. 3, 2010, pp. 171-178.
[13]  G. Konoplyanko, I. Kafengauz and E. Petrov, “Chemistry and Technology of Polyurethanes,” Vladimir, USSR: Ed- ition of Institute of Synthetic Resins, 1972, pp. 146-154.
[14]  J. Ziska, J. Barlow and D. Paul, “Miscibility in P- VC-Polyester Blends,” Polymer, Vol. 22, No. 7, 1981, pp. 918-923. doi:10.1016/0032-3861(81)90268-8

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus