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-  2015 

认知抑制对艺术创造力的影响:认知风格的调节作用
Cognitive Inhibition and Artistic Creativity: The Moderating Effect of Cognitive Style

DOI: 10.16187/j.cnki.issn1001-4918.2015.03.05

Keywords: 认知抑制, 艺术创造力, 认知风格, 调节作用
cognitive inhibition
, artistic creativity, cognitive style, the moderating effect

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Abstract:

以114名大学生为被试, 采用Mittenecker指向测验和粘贴画任务考察了认知抑制能力与艺术创造力的关系, 并采用镶嵌图形测验考察了认知风格在其中所起的调节作用。研究结果表明:(1)认知抑制能力与艺术创造力之间呈现负相关, 认知抑制对于个体的创造程度、沟通传播水平和艺术创造综合印象可以起到显著的负向预测作用, 对于个体艺术创造的可爱程度和想象水平可以起到边缘显著的负向预测作用;(2)认知风格在认知抑制能力与艺术创造力的关系中起着调节作用, 主要表现为认知抑制能力对于场依存个体的创造程度、想象水平和沟通传播水平具有显著的预测作用, 对于场独立个体的艺术创造力则不具有预测作用。
114 undergraduates were recruited to complete the Mittenecker Pointing Test, Embedded Figure Test and the collage design as the measure of cognitive inhibition, cognitive style and artistic creativity respectively. The results showed that (1) Cognitive inhibition showed significant negative relationship with artistic creativity and it can predict individuals' creativity, communicative level and general impression significantly, likeability and imagination marginally significantly. (2) Cognitive style moderated the relationship between cognitive inhibition and artistic creativity, which showed that cognitive inhibition predicted creativity, imagination and communicative level of individuals who were inclined to field independence, whereas it can't predict artistic creativity of those inclined to field dependence.

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