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类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据
The Embodied Basis and Cognitive Motivation of Generic Sentences

DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2017.06.016

Keywords: 类指句, 体验哲学, 认知理据, 转喻

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Abstract:

类指句基于认知主体对客观存在的主观体验,对一类事物的某种属性进行概括性描述。结合体验哲学理论和概念转喻理论,对类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据进行研究发现:(1)类指思维具有体验性、无意识性和转喻性;(2)类指句的认知推理主要体现在“类”与“例”之间的转喻映射关系,可将类指句分为“类代例”“例代类”“类代例和例代类叠加”三种转喻模型;(3)类指句中反例的存在是转喻思维的结果。从体验哲学及认知语言学视角研究类指句是一个具有前瞻性的尝试,意义在于为指称研究提供新的视角。
Generic sentences make generalizations about certain properties of a category. By employing embodied philosophy and conceptual metonymy theory, this paper attempts to discuss the basis and cognitive motivations of generic sentences and the conclusions are as follows. First, generic thinking is embodied, unconscious and metonymic. Second, cognitive inference of generic sentences manifests itself in the interaction between type and instance, and generic sentences accordingly fall into three metonymic models:TYPE FOR INSTANCE, INSTANCE FOR TYPE, Combination of TYPE FOR INSTANCE and INSTANCE FOR TYPE. Third, exceptions are the result of metonymic thinking. The study of generics from the perspective of embodied philosophy and cognitive linguistics is a forward-looking attempt and provides a new perspective to the research of reference

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