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基层规范型治理的基础与运行机制――基于南京市W村的经验分析

Keywords: 基层治理, 治理现代化, 规范型治理, 运行基础, 村民自治

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Abstract:

在国家治理现代化的要求下,规范型治理成为基层治理的方向。规范型治理需要一定的社会基础和制度基础,否则优化治理体系并不必然提升治理能力。南京市W村的治理实践表明:在城市化的背景下,W村乡村社会程式化以及公共行政规范化的程度比较高,通过优化治理体系,塑造了规范型治理模式。村级组织在实际运行过程中,通过构建规则本位的治理机制、责权明晰的分工机制和办事留痕的免责机制,实现了村级治理规范、有效和村治格局稳定。治理现代化与城市化有着密切的关系,只有适应城市的治理方式,规范型治理模式才能有效运转,治理现代化才能真正实现。
Under the requirement of national governance modernization, normative governance represents the direction of grassroots governance. Normative governance involves a certain amount of foundation, otherwise, the mere optimization of the governance system cannot guarantee the improvement of governance. The governance practice of the W Village in Nanjing shows that under the background of urbanization, the degree of stylization of rural society and the standardization of public administration in the W Village are relatively high, and through the optimization of governance system, a normative governance model is shaped. In the process of actual operation, the village nominative governance and effective village governance and stable governance pattern have been realized through the establishment of the rule-based governance mechanism, the clear division of responsibilities and rights mechanism, and the disclaimer traces of the work mechanism. There is a close relationship between governance modernization and urbanization. Only by adapting to the urban governance mode, can the normative governance model be effectively operated and the governance modernization truly realized

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