全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


Development of an Appropriate Rice-Based Biomass Gasifier as Source of Power for Farm Use

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105054, PP. 1-16

Keywords: Biomass Gasification, Biomass Power Generation, Rice Husk Gasifier

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

An appropriate rice-based (ARB) biomass gasifier was designed and de-veloped for farmers’ use. The gasification properties of rice-based biomass were determined before doing the design. The gasifier was built using salvage petrol drums, metal bars and concrete as primary construction materials. It has a 30 cm-diameter reactor insulated with refractory cement. A 10 cm-o cross flow scrubber with 30 cm-thick packed-bed filter is used for conditioning the gas. The gas is converted to mechanical power with the use of a four-stroke-cycle, spark ignition engine commonly used by farmers. The gasifier was tested and underwent series of modifications and improvements. Performance test and evaluation showed that the gasifier performs satisfactorily as per design. Raw rice husk was found to have greater advantage as fuel for the gasifier than rice straw. It can drive sta-tionary agricultural machines such as a 4-in. pump, a 30-cm biomass chip-per, and a 20-cm rubber creeping mill. It can also power a 3-kWe AC gen-erator for lighting and a 60-Amp DC alternator for charging batteries. The entire system can be built at a cost of P90,000.00 (USD1 = PHP50) using local materials and skills. Analysis showed that the operating cost of the gasifier is only P94.15 per day. A savings o P244.94 per day can be derived against the use of purely gasoline fuel for the engine. Payback period is 1.22 years.

References

[1]  Amongo, R.M.C., Amongo, L.D. and Larona, M.V.L. (2011) Mechanizing Philippine Agriculture for Food Sufficiency. The UNAPCAEM and FAO Joint Roundtable Meeting on Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Bangkok, 8-9 December 2011, 21 p.
[2]  Bingabing, R.L. (2012) Agricultural Machinery and Situation in the Philippines. Philippine Center for Postharvest Development and Mechanization. Nueva Ecija, Philippines.
[3]  Belonio, A.T., Orge, R.F., Tado, C.J.M., Regalado, M.J.C., Taylan, V.T., Paras Jr., F.O., Amongo, R.M.C. and Tadeo, B.D. (2013) Renewable Energy Technologies for Rice Mechanization. ARF Annual Rice Forum 2013—Mechanization in Rice Farming: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities. Bureau of Soil and Water Management Auditorium, SRDC Bldg. Diliman, Quezon City.
[4]  Beagle, E.C. (1978) Rice Husk Conversion to Energy. Food Agricultural Service Bulletin. Food Agricultural Organization of the United Nation, Rome, 155 p.
[5]  Kaupp, A. (1984) Gasification of Rice Hull: Theory and Praxix. GATE/GTZ, Federal Republic of Germany, 303 p.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-96308-6
[6]  Kaupp, A. and Goss, J.R. (1984) Small Scale Gas Producer Engine Systems. GATE/GTZ. Frieds. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellshaft mbH Braunschewerig, Federal Republic of Germany, 278 p.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-06868-6
[7]  Liu, Z., Xu, A. and Zhao, T. (2011) Energy from Combustion of Rice Straw: Status and Challenges to China. Energy and Power Engineering, 3, 325-331.
https://doi.org/10.4236/epe.2011.33040
[8]  Ramos, P.S. (2014) Effect of Age and Size of Rice Straw on Gasification Performance. MS Agricultural Engineering Thesis Manuscript, University of the Philippines at Los Banos, Laguna, 62 p.
[9]  Belonio, A.T. (2012) Rice Husk Gasifier: Theory and Applications. The 25th National Rice R&D Conference, Philippine Rice Research Institute, Science City of Munoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines, 4-6 September 2012.
[10]  Belonio, A.T., Ramos, J.A., Regalado, M.J.C. and Ocon, V.B. (2013) An Overview of the Downdraft Rice Husks Gasifier for Thermal and Power Applications. Journal of Technology Innovations in Renewable Energy, 2, 246-258.
https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-6002.2013.02.03.6
[11]  Tiangco, V.M., Jenkins, B.M., Goss, J.R. and Chancellor, W.J. (1986) Design Development of a Continuous Small-Scale Rice Hull Gas Producer. The 1986 Summer Meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, 29 June-2 July 1986, 31 p.
[12]  Creamer, K.S., Jenkins, B.M., Goss, J.R. and Chancellor, W.J. (1986) Small-Scale Rice Hull Gas Producer-Gasoline Enginer Performance. The 1986 Summer Meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, 29 June-2 July 1986, 30 p.
[13]  Juliano, A.S., Ramos, J.A. and Molinawe, L.B. (2008) Rice Husk Power Gasifier Engine-System. The 21st National Rice R&D Conference, PhilRice, Science City of Munoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines, 11-13 March 2008.
[14]  Hoki, M., Monobe, H., Umezawa, Y., Tadeo, B.D., Layaoen, H.Z., Cordero, J.C. and Orpilla, D.L. (2006) Rice Husk Gasification, Carbonization and Power Generation. In-ternational Agricultural Engineering Journal, 15, 169-172.
[15]  Belonio, A.T., Belonio, D.A.H. and Larano, L. (2010) A Continuous-Flow Rice Husk Gasifier for Thermal Applications. The 10th PCIERD Regional S&T Fora and Competition, FNRI Training Room, DOST Compound, Bicutan, Taguig, Metro Manila, Philippines, 18 p.
http://www.bioenergylists.org/files/Continuous-Flow_
Rice_Husk_Gasifier-Belonio-2010_0.pdf
[16]  Belonio, A.T., Sicat, E.V. and Cuaresma, F.D. (2011) Design and Development of a Moving-Bed Downdraft Rice Husk Gasifier for Thermal and Power Applications. Proceedings of the ERDT 7th Conference: Sustainability through ERDT: Towards a Car-bon-Neutral Economy, Manila Hotel, Manila, 16 September 2011, 17-22.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus