全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


Development and Performance Evaluation of Palm Kernel Shells Fueled Stove Converting Waste to Energy

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105032, PP. 1-14

Keywords: Performance Evaluation, Palm Kernel, Stove Development, Calorific Value, Fuel

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

Oil palm (Elaesis guineensis Jacq.) is an indigenous forest product of West Africa. The natural groves usually have palms that bear ordinary fruits. These fruits emerged hard-kernelled shell (dura) and thin-kernelled shell (tenera). These kernels were found useful as fuel by researcher due to its high calorific value. The existing fuels such as kerosene, gas, are out of reach to an average Nigerian due to its scarcity and high cost. Other means of fuels like charcoal, wood are not hygienic and also not easy to get due to high rate of deforestation, hence the development of kernel-fuel stove. This was possible after preliminary investigation of its calorific value which was found to be 16.9 MJ. The major components of the kernel-fueled stove are the: frame, blower, miner plate, pot carrier and burning chamber. The capacity of the stove is 22.4 kg of kernel shell; its performance evaluation was carried out by comparing the developed stove with other stoves fueled by sawdust, charcoal, gas, kerosene and electric cooker, and it was discovered it got the shortest time for boiling 3 liters of water in 2.30 minutes.

References

[1]  Jekayinfa, S. and Bamigboye, A.I. (2008) Energy Used Analysis of Selected Palm Kernel Oil Mill in South Western Nigeria. Journal of Energy, 33, 81-90.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2007.08.008
[2]  Al-Kayiem, H.H. and Yunus, Y.Md. (2013) Drying of Empty Fruit Bunches as Wasted Biomass by Hybrid Solar-Thermal Drying Technique. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 5, 652-661.
https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.5.2013.12.0063
[3]  Council for Renewable Energy (CREN) (2012) Nigeria Electricity Crunch.
http://www.reneablenigeria.org
[4]  Noor, M.M., Wandel, A.P. and Yusaf, T. (2013) Design and Development of MILD Combustion Burner. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 5, 662-676.
ttps://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.5.2013.13.0064
[5]  Famuyide, O.O., Adebayo, O., Bolaji-Olutunji, K.A., Awe, F., Owoeye, A.Y., Awodele, D.O. and Adeyemo, A. (2013) Assessment and Sustainable Management of Non-timber Forest Products Used as Food and Medicine among Urban Dwellers in Oyo State, Nigeria. Global Science Research Journals, 5, 186-193.
[6]  Sunday, O. (2012) Energy and Sustainable Development in Nigeria: The Way Forward. Journal of Energy Sustainability and Society, 2, 15.
https://doi.org/10.1186/2192-0567-2-15
[7]  Ghobadian, B., Najafi, G. and Nayebi, M. (2013) A Semi-Empirical Model to Predict Diesel Engine Combustion Parameters. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 4, 373-382.
https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.4.2013.2.0035
[8]  Noor, M.M., Wandel, A.P. and Yusaf, T. (2014) The Simulation of Biogas Combustion in a Mild Burner. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 6, 995-1013.
https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.6.2014.27.0097
[9]  PhanBinh, M.Q., Duong Long, T., Nguyen Viet, D., Tran Trong, B., Nguyen My, HH., Nguyen Luong, H., Nguyen Duc, A. and LuuLoc, C. (2014) Evaluation of the Production Potential of Bio-Oil from Vietnamese Biomass Resources by Fast Pyrolysis. Biomass and Bioenergy, 62, 74-81.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.01.012
[10]  Hassan, M.B.H. (2012) A Review on Electricity Generation Based on Biomass Residue in Malaysia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 5879-5889.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.06.031
[11]  Petr, P. and Vladimír, H. (2018) Economic Analysis of Diesel-Fuel Replacement by Crude Palm Oil in Indonesian Power Plants. Energies, 11, 504.
https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030504
[12]  Bridgwater, A.V. (2012) Review of Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass and Product Upgrading. Biomass and Bioenergy, 38, 68-94.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.01.048
[13]  Gharehghani, A., Hosseini, R. and Yusaf, T. (2013) Investigation of the Effect of Additives to Natural Gas on Heavy-Duty Is Engine Combustion Characteristics. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 5, 677-687.
https://doi.org/10.15282/jmes.5.2013.14.0065
[14]  Ibrahim, M.F., Aziz, S.A., Razak, M.N.A., Phang, L.Y. and Hassan, M.A. (2012) Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch as Alternative Substrate for Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol Production by Clostridium Butyricum EB6. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 166, 1615-1625.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-012-9538-6
[15]  Agbro, E.B. and Nosa, A. (2013) A Comprehensive Review of Biomass Resources and Biofuel Production Potential in Nigeria. Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Science, 13, 149-155.
[16]  Simonyan, K.J. and Fasina, O. (2013) Biomass Resources and Bioenergy Potentials in Nigeria. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 8, 4975-4989.
[17]  Luangkiattikhun, P., Tangsathitkulchai, C. and Tangsathitkulchai, M. (2008) Non-Isothermal Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis of Oil-Palm Solid Wastes. Bioresource Technology, 99, 986-997.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus