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Measurements of Pulsed 532 nm Laser Breakdown Spectroscopy of Synthesized Magnetite Nanoferrofluid

DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2018.83003, PP. 39-55

Keywords: Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Second Harmonic Generation, SPION, Nanoferrofluid, Elements Ratio

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Abstract:

We describe the results of 532 nm pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) of two samples of magnetite nanoparticles (SPIONs) nanoferrofluid synthesized at room (S1) and elevated temperatures (S2) and at three different laser energy levels and pulse frequency. The size of magnetite nanoparticles, size distribution, magnetic crystalline phase and magnetization were analyzed and measured using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The SPIONs showed a distribution between 4 - 22 nm with a peak about 12 nm and saturation magnetization of about 65 emu/g. The Saha-Boltzmann analysis of spectra for medium energy level (1050 mJ) yields plasma temperatures of (3881 ± 200) K and (26,047 ± 200) K for Fe I and OV as the lowest and highest temperatures respectively. A range of corresponding electron density (Ne-) of (0.47 - 6.80) × 1020, (0.58 - 8.30) × 1020 and (0.69 - 9.96) × 1020 cm-3

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