This study shows that autobiography exists in oral
civilizations by exploring Kirari in
Hausa praise poetry. The study focuses on the forms of Kirari that clearly bring out the autobiographical elements that
illustrate the autobiographer’s conscious awareness of the singularity of his
or her life and achievements and the uniqueness of their identity among the
members of their community and/or profession. These forms of Kirari are identified in excerpts from
Hausa hunters’ heroic self-praise and from Bakandamiya by the singer Maman Shata Katsina.
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Anyindoho, K. (1986). Mythmaker and Mythbreaker: The Oral Poet as Earwitness. In E. Julien, M. Mortimer, & C. Schade (Eds.), African Literature in Its Social and Political Dimensions (pp. 5-14). Washington DC: African Literature Association and Three Continents Press, Inc.
Baum, R. (2016). Self-Praise and Performance in the Heroic Praise-Epithets of Hunters in Hausaland. Journal of African Cultural Studies, Article ID: CJAC-2016-0002. http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/cjac
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Mahamane, A. (2012). Violence et paix dans les louanges des dignitaires hausa du Katsina. Etudes Sahéliennes: Epopée et violence dans les traditions africaines et européennes. Numéro special. Niamey: Université Abdou Moumouni.
Oumarou, C. E. (1994). One Speaks, Another Writes: The Oral Autobiography of a Hausa Woman (1877-1951). Re-Evaluating the Boundaries of Autobiography: Theory, Practice, and Pedagogy. CEA Critic, 57, 57-67.