All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


The Evolution of Distribution of Technology Transfer in China: Evidence from Patent Licensing

DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.85084, PP. 1239-1252

Keywords: Technology Transfer, Patent Licensing, China

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

This study explores the temporal and spatial distribution of technology transfer in China by analyzing the licensing activities from the perspective of supplier and demander of the technology transfer chain, using the data obtained from the State Intellectual Property Office of China (SIPO). We find that the overall number of licensed technologies has increased dramatically during 10 years and different types of technology show diverse trends. And the technology age is declining year by year, among which the age of invention patents is the oldest. As licensors, individuals and firms provide the vast majority of outward technologies and most of their technologies are utility models. However, only firms take the vast majority as licensee. And most inward technologies come from foreign organizations before 2008, while domestic sources provide the majority of inward technologies after 2008. We also provide suggestions for policy-makers and firms.

References

[1]  Sun, Y.F. and Du, D.B. (2010) Determinants of Industrial Innovation in China: Evidence from Its Recent Economic Census. Technovation, 30, 540-550. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2010.05.003
[2]  Lee, J.S., Park, J.H. and Bae, Z.T. (2017) The Effects of Licensing-In on Innovative Performance in Different Technological Regimes. Research Policy, 46, 485-496. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2016.12.002
[3]  Martinez, C. and Penas, G. (2013) Patenting and Licensing by Spanish Firms: Available Survey Evidence. World Patent Information, 35, 296-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wpi.2013.06.003
[4]  Johnson, D.K.N. (2002) Learning-by-Licensing: R & D and Technology Licensing in Brazilian Invention. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 11, 163-177. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438590210904
[5]  Bin, G. (2008) Technology Acquisition Channels and Industry Performance: An Industry-Level Analysis of Chinese Large- and Medium-Size Manufacturing Enterprises. Research Policy, 37, 194-209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2007.11.004
[6]  Chittoor, R., Aulakh, P.S. and Ray, S. (2015) Accumulative and Assimilative Learning, Institutional Infrastructure, and Innovation Orientation of Developing Economy Firms. Global Strategy Journal, 5, 133-153. https://doi.org/10.1002/gsj.1093
[7]  Wang, Y. and Li, Y.J. (2015) Licensing Foreign Technology and the Moderating Role of Local R & D Collaboration: Extending the Relational View. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 32, 997-1013. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpim.12246
[8]  Wang, Y.D., Pan, X., Wang, X.Y., et al. (2014) Visualizing Knowledge Space: A Case Study of Chinese Licensed Technology, 2000-2012. Scientometrics, 98, 1935-1954. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-013-1135-0
[9]  Liu, X. and Ma, F. (2013) Transfer and Distribution of Knowledge Creation Activities of Bio-Scientists in Knowledge Space. Scientometrics, 95, 299-310. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-012-0827-1
[10]  Chen, X. and Sun, C. (2000) Technology Transfer to China: Alliances of Chinese Enterprises with Western Technology Exporters. Technovation, 20, 353-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4972(99)00148-0
[11]  Chung, M.Y. and Lee, K. (2015) How Absorptive Capacity Is Formed in a Latecomer Economy: Different Roles of Foreign Patent and Know-How Licensing in Korea. World Development, 66, 678-694. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.09.010
[12]  Chesbrough, H. (2006) New Puzzles and New Findings. In: Chesbrough, H., Vanhaverbeke, W. and West, J., Eds., Open Innovation: Researching a New Paradigm, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 15-34.
[13]  Zhao, Y.Y., Wong, P.K., Subramanian, A.M., et al. (2014) Technology Licensing and Innovation Performance: Evidence from Chinese Latecomers in High-Tech Industries. Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 12, 125-147. https://doi.org/10.1080/14765284.2014.900946
[14]  Rockett, K. (1990) The Quality of Licensed Technology. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 8, 559-574. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-7187(90)90030-5
[15]  Fosfuri, A. (2006) The Licensing Dilemma: Understanding the Determinants of the Rate of Technology Licensing. Strategic Management Journal, 27, 1141-1158. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.562

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal