全部 标题 作者
关键词 摘要


Spinoza and the Relativity of Evil in the World

DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.83011, PP. 145-155

Keywords: Substance, Evil, Relativity, Immanence, Transcendence

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

This article analyses the problem of evil in the world in the context of Spinoza’s philosophical discourse. It deals with an important and urgent question: is there evil in the world or not? Drawing upon Spinoza’s interpretation of the relationship between God and the world, I consider this dilemma by concentrating upon the pantheistic elements of his philosophy. I have discussed how Spinoza develops his arguments for the relativity of evil and its objective non-existence. This solution is derived from the way he identifies substance as the sole reality with God. I have also compared Spinoza’s ideas with those of Plotinus by highlighting similarities in their respective understandings of the problem of evil.

References

[1]  Aristotle (1995a). Categories. In J. Barnes (Ed.), Complete Works of Aristotle (Vol. 1). Princeton and New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
[2]  Aristotle (1995b). Physics. In J. Barnes (Ed.), Complete Works of Aristotle (Vol. 1). New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
[3]  Curley, E. M. (1969). Spinoza’s Metaphysics: An Essay in Interpretation. London, Oxford: University Press.
https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674330450
[4]  Deleuze, G. (1988). Spinoza: Practical Philosophy (translated by Robert Hurley). San Francisco, CA: City Lights Books.
[5]  Gerson, L. P. (1994). Plotinus. New York: Routledge.
[6]  Hegel, G. W. F. (1995). Lectures on History of Philosophy (Vol. 3, translated by E. S. Haldane and Frances H. Simson). Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press. (Reprinted)
[7]  Pistorius, P. V. (1952). Plotinus and Neoplatonism: An Introduction. Cambridge: Bowes and Bowes.
[8]  Plotinus (1952). The Enneads (translated by Stephen MacKenna and B.S. Page). Chicago, London and Toronto: William Benton Publisher.
[9]  Richard, M. (1999). The God of Spinoza: A Philosophical Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[10]  Spinoza, B. (1970). Ethics (translated by Andrew Boyle, introduction by T. S. Gregory). London, New York: Everyman’s Library. (Reprinted)
[11]  Spinoza, B. (1985). Short Treatise on God, Man and His Well-Being. In E. Curley (edited and translated), Collected Works of Spinoza (pp. 46-156). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
[12]  Spinoza, B. (2002). Complete Works (translated by Samuel Shirley, edited with introduction and notes by Michael L. Morgan). Indianapolis/Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Co. (Reprinted)
[13]  Wolfson, H. A. (1962). The Philosophy of Spinoza (Vols. 1&2). Massachusetts, London: Harvard University Press. (Reprinted)

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus