Philanthropy means providing the social organizations with monetary support and
instruction of skills and management to build up their own capacity. But the
Venture Philanthropy guided by the Government adds too much external
interference to the VP projects selection and evaluation. Through reviews and
observations with participants of Z City Venture Philanthropy Competitions, I
found that social organizations had to adjust themselves to the rules in order
to obtain the approval of rules.And this caused the “crowding out”of voluntary and individuality
of the social organizations.
Ostrom, E. (2015) Policies for Extruding Reciprocity and Collective Action. In: Patti, H., et al., Eds., Translated by Li Fenghua, et al., Moral Emotions and Material Benefits—Basis for Cooperation in Economic Life, China Renmin University Press, Beijing, 243-265.
Vollan, B. (2008) Socio-Ecological Explanations for Crowding-Out Effects from Economic Field Experiments in Southern Africa. Ecological Economics, 67, 560-573. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.01.015
Jacobsen, C.B., Hvitved, J. and Andersen, L.B. (2013) Command and Motivation: How the Perception of External Interventions Relates to Intrinsic Motivation and Public Service Motivation. Public Administration, 92, 790-806. https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12024
Haiyan, L. and Bo, H. (2012) Research on Government Purchasing from Supporting Social Organizations—A Case Study of Haishu District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province. Inner Mongolia Social Organization, 33, 22-26.