The aim of this research was to determine the
association between psychosocial factors and Quality of Work Life (QWL) in air
traffic controllers at an Ecuador airport. A transversal study was developed.
The sample included 47 air traffic controllers of one airport in Quito,
Ecuador. The participants answered an adapted version of the surveys “Factores
Psicosociales en el Trabajo” (Psychosocial factors at work) and the “Calidad de
vida en el trabajo” (Quality of work life) CVT-GOHISALO. The data analysis
included descriptive statistics, Z scores and, association tests with
chi-square and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The mean age was 40
years old, and most of the participants were males. For the psychosocial work
factors, the higher mean score was for the dimension Work demands (22.94), followed by Workplace conditions (13.47). For the QWL the dimension Wellbeing accomplished through work (36.43) scored higher, followed by Institutional
support for work (34.11). The findings indicated several positive
associations between the study variables through the Spearman’s Coefficient,
observing that the psychosocial factor content
and characteristic of the task presented the higher number of associations with QWL dimensions, such as Institutional support for work (p < 0.05), Work safety (p < 0.05), Integration to
the work position (p < 0.05)
and to Wellbeing accomplished through
work (p < 0.05). The air
traffic controllers develop a professional activity under work conditions that
involve psychosocial factors that could represent an important risk for the
health, satisfaction and QWL.
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Sonati, J. G., De Martino, M. F., Vilarta, R., da Silva Maciel, é., Sonati, R. F., & Paduan, P. C. (2016). Quality of Life, Sleep, and Health of Air Traffic Controllers with Rapid Counterclockwise Shift Rotation. Workplace Health & Safety, 64, 377-384. https://doi.org/10.1177/2165079916634710
Van de Merwe, K., Oprins, E., Eriksson, F., & van der Plaat, A. (2012). The Influence of Automation Support on Performance, Workload, and Situation Awareness of Air Traffic Controllers. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 22, 120-143 https://doi.org/10.1080/10508414.2012.663241