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我国高水平女子投掷运动员膳食营养现状调查及对策研究
The Investigation and Countermeasure Research of Chinese Female Elite Throwing Athletes’ Dietary Nutrition Status Quo

DOI: 10.12677/APS.2016.44019, PP. 125-130

Keywords: 膳食营养调查,女运动员,投掷类项目
Dietary Nutrition Survey
, Female Athlete, Throwing Events

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Abstract:

期望发现高水平投掷运动员膳食中存在的不合理现象,以便进行相应的干预,使运动员的膳食营养更加合理、科学。采用称重法每次连续三天对5名女子投掷运动员的膳食营养状况进行调查。结果发现大部分运动员的膳食总能量摄入不足,三大营养物质摄入比例不均衡,维生素和无机盐摄入不足。在经过教育和干预后,能量摄入状况总体上有所改进。另外,需要使用相应的营养补剂进行补充。
We expect to find some unreasonable phenomena of the diet in high-level throwing athletes, and make the appropriate intervention more reasonable. The weighing method was used each time for three consecutive days to investigate the Nutritional Status of 5 female elite throwers. The results showed that: most athletes’ dietary intake of total energy was insufficient; three major nutrients disproportionate; vitamins and mineral salts were inadequate. After the education and intervention, their energy intake was improved generally. In addition, they needed to supplement the corresponding nutritional drugs.

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