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竞走运动员心理素质的养成及训练方法
Cultivation and Training Methods of Psychological Quality of Walking Athletes

DOI: 10.12677/APS.2016.43015, PP. 97-101

Keywords: 竞走运动,心理因素,心理调适能力,心理调节方法,自我调节能力
Race Walking
, Psychological Factor, Psychological Adaptation, Psychological Adjustment, Self-Regulating Ability

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Abstract:

体育比赛时,运动员的心理素质如何,与运动员成绩成正相关态势,即心理素质稳定、正常,成绩就会出色;反之,运动员的水平发挥就会失常,成绩下降。竞走运动由于耗时长、体力消耗大,竞争激烈,因此,愈发显现出运动员心理调节能力的重要性。为此,我们应提高竞走运动员心理素质培养重要性的认识,努力消除影响竞走运动员心理的不利因素,注重竞走运动员赛前、赛中及赛后的心理调整,在训练与比赛的实践中,教练与运动员都要学会综合运用心理调节方法,以利于竞走运动员创造出更好的运动成绩。
Athletes’ performance is related to the athletes’ psychological quality at sports games, and it is a positive correlation situation, which means that when athletes’ psychological quality is stable and normal, the result will be good; on the other hand, athletes will play poorly so that the results decline. Race working is a sport which consumes long time and great physical strength; the competition is intense. As a result, it increasingly shows the importance of athletes’ psychological adjustment ability. So we should improve the recognition of the importance of psychological quality training for race walking athletes, make efforts to eliminate the adverse factors which affect race walking athletes’ psychology, and notice the psychological adjustment before, during and after the game. In the practice of training and competition, all coaches and athletes should learn the integrated use of psychological adjustment methods, and aim to facilitate the movement of race walking athletes to create better results.

References

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