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2014年第20届巴西世界杯足球赛决赛阶段171例进球特征研究
171 Cases of Characteristic Research Goals in the Finals of 20th FIFA World Cup Brazil in 2014

DOI: 10.12677/APS.2016.43014, PP. 87-96

Keywords: 巴西,世界杯,足球,进球
The Brazilian
, World Cup, Soccer, Goal

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Abstract:

本文通过对第20届世界杯决赛阶段64场比赛的171个进球的特征进行统计分析表明:本届世界杯进球数远远高于上届,进球数下半场明显多于上半场,85分钟后的时间段进球效率最高;门前抢点射门是进球最多的得分手段,头顶球射门进球比例增加;球门的左、右两个下角区域进球数最多;前场的抢断是本届世界杯进球前球权获得的主要形式,也是发起进攻的主要区域;传球配合以4次及4次以下的传球为主,占进球总数的79.5%,进球数有随着传球数量增加而减少的趋势;战术形式以中路进攻战术为主;前锋队员的进球最多,中场球员进球数较之上届有明显增加。
This article made a statistical analysis on the 171 goals’ characteristics of 64 final games in the 20th session of World Cup. And it turned out that the goals of this World Cup were much higher than the last. The goals scored of the second half were significantly greater than the first half. The time period after 85 minutes was the highest goal efficiency. The most mean to gain scores was clinging shot. The goals’ percentage of head the ball shot increased. The left and right two angle areas of the goal had the highest scoring. Frontcourt steals were the main form getting the ball of the World Cup goal before the ball get, and were also a main area of the attack. The main passing moves were under 4 times and 4 times, accounting for 79.5% in the total number of goals. The number of the goals had a decrease trend while the passes increased. The tactic of middle attack is the main tactical form. Most goals were from the forward, and there were notable increases from midfielder goals than the last.

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