Water and soil loss is one of the most serious environmental problems in China, which not only affects the ecological environment construction and social economic development, but also causes siltation of rivers, floods and so on. Soil and water conservation is measures taken for preventing and controlling water and soil loss, and important means to maintain the production and con-struction in the mountainous area, hilly area and sandy area, it is of great significance to protect ecosystem balance and develop social economy. Soil and water conservation benefit is the basic principle and basis of feasibility evaluation of soil and water conservation technical scheme and policy, and also plays an important role in promoting the development of soil and water conserva-tion work to scientific standardization and efficiency. The article analyzes the research for soil and water conservation benefit evaluation in recent years, and makes clear of the basic methods and content of soil and water conservation benefit evaluation, such as the establishment of the evalua-tion index system and evaluation model, aiming to provide a reference for soil and water conser-vation benefit evaluation in the future.
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