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Recent Advances in Finite Element Applications in Artificial Lumbar Disc Replacement

DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2016.910B001, PP. 1-8

Keywords: Finite Element, Artificial Lumbar Disc, Artificial Lumbar Disc Prosthesis, Artificial Lumbar Disc Replacement

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Abstract:

As a new choice for the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease, artificial lumbar disc replacement has been widely used in clinical surgery. The finite element is a very effective method to predict and simulate the surgery effect. The purpose of this paper is to review the applications of finite element in artificial lumbar disc replacement, such as design of artificial lumbar disc prosthesis, risk and effect evaluation of artificial lumbar disc replacement, and assessment of operation methods. Lastly, we discuss the future development of finite element method applied in this field, including personalized design of the prosthesis, postoperative behavior guide, and artificial lumbar disc replacement combined with fusion surgery. In conclusion, as an invaluable complement to biomechanical experiments and clinical studies, the finite element method makes important contributions to our understanding of biomechanics of intervertebral disc, and plays an important role in the field of artificial lumbar disc replacement.

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