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An Integrated Contribution Approach Focusing on Technology for Climate Change Mitigation and Promotion of International Technology Cooperation and Transfer

DOI: 10.4236/lce.2016.72008, PP. 71-87

Keywords: Technology Transfer, Integrated Contribution Approach, Energy Efficiency, Climate Change Mitigation, MRV

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Abstract:

Various technologies exist for climate change mitigation. Technology transfer is important for the efficient use of these technologies globally. Such transfer/cooperation should be implemented, at sector basis, broadly and unlimitedly beyond conventional framework. In this paper, an Integrated Contribution Approach is proposed as a domestic as well as a global strategy. This approach unifies two approaches: seeking ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, further improve technical capabilities and encourage technical innovation; and implementing technology transfer effectively, clarifying contributions and promoting efforts to achieve substantial global GHG reduction. As an illustration, this paper estimated the technical potential of solar generation in the developing world by the year 2020, considering current and anticipated technology development. The estimate suggests a huge possibility for CO2 reduction as well as business opportunities through worldwide technology cooperation based on recognition of the importance of continual technology development. To achieve such goals, a scheme promoting incentives for private investment is indispensable as it is essential to use economic forces as well as government policy. This paper describes the following considerations: establishing a simple, easy-to-access scheme that can concentrate private resources on technology transfer; clarifying reduction efforts through measuring, reporting, and verification (MRV); applying it to conditionality together with financial and/or economic internal rate of return (FIRR, EIRR); and establishing a database and analysing data on the technical contributions and dissemination

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