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Formation of (2E)-4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal and (2E)-4-Hydroxy-2-hexenal by Plant Enzymes: A Review Suggests a Role in the Physiology of Plants

DOI: 10.4236/aer.2016.42006, PP. 56-61

Keywords: (3Z)-Nonenal, (3Z)-Hexenal, (2E)-4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal, (2E)-4-Hydroxy-2-hexenal, (2E)-4-Hydroperoxy-2-hexenal, Lipoxygenase, Hydroperoxide Peroxygenase, Hydroperoxide Lyase, (2E)-4-Hydroperoxy-2-Nonenal, 3, 4-Epoxynonanal, (2E)-4-Oxo-2-nonenal, Glycine max, Vica faba, Plant Pathogen

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Abstract:

It is demonstrated that (3Z)-nonenal (NON) and (3Z)-hexenal (HEX) are oxidized in a cascade by lipoxygenase (LOX) and hydroperoxide peroxygenase (HP peroxygenase) into (2E)-4-hydroxy-2- nonenal (HNE) and (2E)-4-hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE), respectively. In turn, HNE inactivates LOX terminating the cascade. The hydroxy-alkenals produced serve to inhibit plant pathogens, which initiated the cascade. In addition to LOX, other unknown oxygenases may be involved in the cascade.

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