All Title Author
Keywords Abstract


Assessment of Long-Term Compost Application on Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties, as Well as Fertility, of Soil in a Field Subjected to Double Cropping

DOI: 10.4236/as.2016.71004, PP. 30-43

Keywords: Beneficial Effect, Double Cropping Soil, Long-Term Compost Application, Soil Quality

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

The aim of this article was to assess the influence of long-term application of compost on the physical, chemical, and biological properties, as well as the fertility, of soil in a field subjected to double cropping (paddy rice and barley), mainly by integrating previous studies of the effects of compost and manure on soil qualities. Continuous compost application, especially at a high level (30 Mg·ha-1·y-1), into the double cropping soils increased the activities of organic C-, N-, and P-decomposing enzymes and the contents of organic C, total N, and microbial biomass N, as well as the cation exchange capacity, thereby contributing to the enhancement of soil fertility. Also, the compost application increased the degree of water-stable soil macroaggregation (>0.25 mm), which was correlated significantly (r > 0.950, p < 0.05) with the contents of hydrolyzable carbohydrates (with negative charge) and active Al (with positive charge), and resulted in the modification of soil physical properties. Furthermore, the application increased the amount of soil organic matter, including humic acid with a low degree of darkening and fulvic acid, and contributed to C sequestration and storage. Physical fractionation of soil indicated that about 60% of soil organic C was distributed in the silt-sized (2 - 20 μm) aggregate and clay-sized (<2 μm) aggregate fractions, while about 30% existed in the decayed plant fractions (53 - 2000 μm). The results obtained unambiguously indicate that long-term application of compost can improve soil qualities in the field subjected to double cropping, depending on the amount applied.

References

[1]  Aoyama, M., Angers, D.A. and N’Dayegamiye, A. (1999) Particulate and Mineral-Associated Organic Matter in Water-Stable Aggregates as Affected by Mineral Fertilizer and Manure Applications. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 79, 295-302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/S98-049
[2]  Schjonning, P., Christensen, B.T. and Carstensen, B. (1994) Physical and Chemical Properties of a Sandy Loam Receiving Animal Manure, Mineral Fertilizer or no Fertilizer for 90 Years. European Journal of Soil Science, 45, 257-268.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1994.tb00508.x
[3]  Ndayegamiye, A. and Côté, D. (1989) Effect of Long-Term Pig Slurry and Solid Cattle Manure Application on Soil Chemical and Biological Properties. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 69, 36-47.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjss89-005
[4]  Campbell, C.A., Schnitzer, M., Stewart, J.W.B., Biederbeck, V.O. and Selles, F. (1986) Effect of Manure and P Fertilizer on Properties of a Black Chernozem in Southern Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 66, 601-613.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjss86-060
[5]  Kanazawa, S. (1980) Soil Enzyme in Paddy Soil. Pedologist, 24, 69-93. (In Japanese)
[6]  Shindo, H. and Shojaku, M. (1999) Effect of Continuous Compost Application on the Activities of Various Enzymes in Soil of Double Cropping Fields. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 70, 66-69. (In Japanese)
[7]  Ibrahim, S.M. and Shindo, H. (1999) Effect of Continuous Compost Application on Water-Stable Soil Macroaggregation in a Field Subjected to Double Cropping. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 45, 1003-1007.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00380768.1999.10414351
[8]  Shindo, H., Hirahara, O., Yoshida, M. and Yamamoto, A. (2006) Effect of Continuous Compost Application on Humus Composition and Nitrogen Fertility of Soils in a Field Subjected to Double Cropping. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 42, 437-442.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00374-006-0088-3
[9]  Nguyen, T.H. and Shindo, H. (2011) Effects of Different Levels of Compost Application on Amounts and Distribution of Organic Nitrogen Forms in Soil Particle Size Fractions Subjected Mainly to Double Cropping. Agricultural Sciences, 2, 213-219.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/as.2011.23030
[10]  Shindo, H. and Shimada, M. (2001) Effect of Continuous Compost Application on Humus Composition in Soil of Double Cropping Fields. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 72, 92-95. (In Japanese)
[11]  Nguyen, T.H. and Shindo, H. (2011) Quantitative and Qualitative Changes of Humus in Whole Soils and Their Particle Size Fractions as Influenced by Different Levels of Compost Application. Agricultural Sciences, 2, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/as.2011.21001
[12]  Tanaka, M. and Shindo, H. (2009) Effect of Continuous Compost Application on Carbon and Nitrogen Contents of Whole Soils and Their Particle Size Fractions in a Field Subjected Mainly to Double Cropping. In: Pereira, J.C. and Bolin, J.L., Eds., Composting, Processing, Materials and Approaches, Nova Science Publishers, New York, NY. 187-197.
[13]  Ladd, J.N. and Butler, J.H.A. (1972) Short-Term Assays of Soil Proteolytic Enzyme Activities Using Proteins and Dipeptide Derivatives as Substrates. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 4, 19-30.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(72)90038-7
[14]  Kanazawa, S. and Takai, Y. (1976) A Method for the Determination of β-Acetylglucosaminidase Activity of Soil. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 47, 329-332. (In Japanese)
[15]  Tabatabai, M.A. (1982) Soil Enzymes. In: Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis, ASA, SSSA, Publisher, Madison, WI, 903-947.
[16]  Sato, F., Omura, H. and Hayano, K. (1986) Adenosine Deaminase Activity in soils. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 32, 107-112.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00380768.1986.10557485
[17]  Eivazi, F. and Tabatabai, M.A. (1988) Glucosidases and Galactosidases in Soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 20, 601-606.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(88)90141-1
[18]  Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition (1986) Standard Methods of Soil Analysis. Hakuyusha, Tokyo. (In Japanese)
[19]  Brookes, P.C., Landman, A., Pruden, G. and Jenkinson, D.S. (1985) Chloroform Fumigation and the Release of Soil Nitrogen: A Rapid Direct Extraction Method to Measure Microbial Biomass Nitrogen in Soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 17, 837-842.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(85)90144-0
[20]  Ogawa, Y., Kato, H. and Ishikawa, M. (1989) A Simple Analytical Method for Index of Soil Nitrogen Availability by Extracting in Phosphate Buffer Solution. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 60, 160-163. (In Japanese)
[21]  Yoder, R.E. (1936) A Direct Method of Aggregate Analysis of Soils and a Study of the Physical Nature of Erosion Losses. Journal of American Society of Agronomy, 28, 337-351.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1936.00021962002800050001x
[22]  Kogakkai, D. (1983) Tsuchino Shiken Jisshusho. Doshitsu Kogakkai, Tokyo. (In Japanese)
[23]  Ibrahim, S.M., Inoue, Y. and Shindo, H. (1998) Role of Active Aluminum in the Formation of Water-Stable Macroaggregates. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 44, 685-689.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00380768.1998.10414493
[24]  Kumada, K. (1987) Chemistry of Soil Organic Matter. Japan Scientific Societies Press and Elsevier, Tokyo.
[25]  Ikeya, K. and Watanabe, A. (2003) Direct Expression of an Index for the Degree of Humification of Humic Acids Using Organic Carbon Concentration. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 49, 47-53.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2003.10409978
[26]  Kanazawa, S. (2005) The Function Analysis of the Plant Debris as an Active Site of Microbial Activity and Material Metabolisms in Cultivated and Forest Soils. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 76, 561-564. (In Japanese)
[27]  Sato, F. and Omura, H. (1989) Soil Enzyme Activities in Andosol Paddy Fields (1) Relationship between Soil Enzyme (β-Acetylglucosaminidase, Protease, and Adenosine Deaminase) Activities and Microbial Counts. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 60, 34-40. (In Japanese)
[28]  Omura, H., Muroi, E., Sasaki, I. and Tochigi, H. (1988) Hydrolytic Enzyme Activities Related to Decomposition of Organic Nitrogen in Tomato Greenhouse Field. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 59, 288-295. (In Japanese)
[29]  Chang, E.-H., Chung, R.-S. and Tsai, Y.-H. (2007) Effect of Different Application Rates of Organic Fertilizer on Soil Enzyme Activity and Microbial Population. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 53, 132-140.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00122.x
[30]  Shindo, H. (1992) Effect of Continuous Compost Application on the Activities of Protease, Acetylglucosaminidase, and Adenosine Deaminase in Soils of Upland Fields and Relationships between the Enzyme Activities and the Mineralization of Organic Nitrogen. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 63, 190-195. (In Japanese)
[31]  Stevenson, F.J. (1982) Humus Chemistry. Wiley, New York.
[32]  Xu, Y.C., Shen, Q.R. and Ran, W. (2003) Content and Distribution of Forms of Organic N in Soil and Particle Size Fractions after Long-Term Fertilization. Chemosphere, 50, 739-745.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(02)00214-X
[33]  Jenkinson, D.S. and Ladd, J.N. (1981) Microbial Biomass in Soil: Measurement and Turnover. In: Paul, E.A. and Ladd, J.N., Eds., Soil Biochemistry, Vol. 5, Marcel Dekker, New York, 415-471.
[34]  Marumoto, T., Anderson, J.P.E. and Domsch, K.H. (1982) Decomposition of 14C- and 15N-Labelled Microbial Cells in Soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 14, 461-467.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(82)90105-5
[35]  Matsumoto, S., Ae, N. and Yamagata, M. (2000) Extraction of Mineralizable Organic Nitrogen from Soils by a Neutral Phosphate Buffer Solution. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 22, 707-713.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0038-0717(00)00049-3
[36]  Edwards, A.P. and Bremner, J.M. (1967) Microaggregates in Soil. Journal of Soil Science, 18, 64-73.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1967.tb01488.x
[37]  Tisdall, J.M. and Oades, J.M. (1982) Organic Matter and Water-Stable Aggregates in Soil. Journal of Soil Science, 33, 141-163.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1982.tb01755.x
[38]  Christensen, B.T. (1986) Straw Incorporation and Soil Organic Matter in Macroaggregates and Particle Size Separates. Journal of Soil Science, 37, 125-135.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1986.tb00013.x
[39]  Angers, D.A. and N’Dayegamiye, A. (1991) Effects of Manure Application on Carbon, Nitrogen, and Carbohydrate Contents of a Silt Loam and Its Particle Size Fractions. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 11, 79-82.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00335840
[40]  Tisdall, J.M. and Oades, J.M. (1980) The Effect of Crop Rotation on Aggregation in a Red Brown Earth. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 18, 423-433.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SR9800423
[41]  Chaney, K. and Swift, R.S. (1984) The Influence of Organic Matter on Aggregate Stability in Some British Soils. Journal of Soil Science, 35, 223-230.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1984.tb00278.x
[42]  Haynes, R.J. and Swift, R.S. (1990) Stability of Soil Aggregates in Relation to Organic Constituents and Soil Water Content. Journal of Soil Science, 41, 73-83.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1990.tb00046.x
[43]  Miller, R.M. and Jastrow, J.D. (1990) Hierarchy of Root and Mycorrhizal Fungal Interactions with Soil Aggregation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 22, 579-584.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(90)90001-G
[44]  Oades, J.M. (1984) Soil Organic Matter and Structural Stability: Mechanisms and Implications for Management. Plant and Soil, 76, 319-337.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02205590
[45]  N’Dayegamiye, A. and Angers, D.A. (1990) Effects de l’apport prolonge’ de fumier de bovins sur quelques proprie’tes physiques et biologiques d’un loam limoneux Neubois sous culture de mais. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 70, 259-262.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjss90-027
[46]  Ibrahim, S.M. and Shindo, H. (1999) Relationships between Aggregation and Hyphal Length and Microbial Biomass C in Soil Amended with Rice Straw or Azolla. Pedologist, 43, 82-87.
[47]  Aoyama, M. (1992) Accumulated Organic Matter and Its Nitrogen Mineralization in Soil Particle Size Fractions with Long-Term Application of Farmyard Manure or Compost. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 63, 161-168. (In Japanese)
[48]  Cheshire, M.V. and Mundie, C.M. (1981) The Distribution of Labelled Sugars in Soil Particle Size Fraction as a Means of Distinguishing Plant and Microbial Carbohydrate Residues. Journal of Soil Science, 32, 605-618.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1981.tb01733.x
[49]  Roppongi, K., Ishigami, T. and Takeda, M. (1994) Effects of Continuous Application of Rice Straw Compost on Humus Forms of Alluvial Upland Soil. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 65, 426-431. (In Japanese)
[50]  Aoyama, M. and Kumakura, N. (2001) Quantitative and Qualitative Changes of Organic Matter in an Ando Soil Induced by Mineral Fertilizer and Cattle Manure Application for 20 Years. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 47, 241-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2001.10408388
[51]  Watanabe, A., Kawasaki, S., Kitamura, S. and Yoshida, S. (2007) Temporal Changes in Humic Acids in Cultivated Soils with Continuous Manure Application. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 53, 535-544.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2007.00170.x
[52]  Hirahara, O. (2006) Influence of Management on δ13C Values of Organic Constituents of Soil in an Andosol Upland Field. Master’s Thesis, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi. (In Japanese)
[53]  K?gel, I., Hempfling, R., Zech, W., Hatcher, P.H. and Schulten, H.-R. (1988) Chemical Composition of the Organic Matter in Forest Soils: 1. Forest Litter. Soil Science, 146, 124-136.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-198808000-00011
[54]  Aoyama, M. and Taninai, Y. (1992) Organic Matter and Its Mineralization in Particle Size and Aggregate Size Fractions of Soils with Four-Year Application of Farmyard Manure. Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 63, 571-580. (In Japanese)

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal