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地球学报  2008 

西藏罗布莎蛇绿岩铬铁矿中的超高压矿物和新矿物(综述)

DOI: 10.3975/cagsb.2008.03.02

Keywords: 罗布莎,蛇绿岩,铬铁矿,地幔矿物群

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Abstract:

近十余年来的研究,在西藏雅鲁藏布江缝合带中的罗布莎蛇绿岩型铬铁矿中,发现可能来自深部(>300km深度)异常地幔矿物群.该矿物群中具有深部成因指示意义的矿物有:①呈斯石英假象的柯石英;②微粒金刚石和产在锇铱矿中的原位金刚石;③铬铁矿和饿铱矿巾发现硅尖晶石;④铬铁矿中发现硅金红石;⑤呈八面体假象的蛇纹石和绿泥石,并具有清晰的爆炸结构;⑥方铁矿和自然铁矿物组合.此外,罗布莎铬铁矿中有4个新矿物获批准,并在极地乌拉尔蛇绿岩铬铁矿中也发现了大最微粒金刚石和碳硅石等地幔超高压矿物.蛇绿岩铬铁矿中发现来自地幔深部的超高压矿物,提供了铬铁矿可能深部成因的重要信息,该发现有可能改变传统的蛇绿岩铬铁矿的形成于俯冲带上的浅部环境(<50km深度)的认识以及蛇绿岩成因的概念.

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