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地质学报  2006 

新矿物:罗布莎矿

Keywords: 罗布莎矿,新矿物,铬铁矿,蛇绿岩,西藏

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Abstract:

最近在西藏罗布莎村豆荚状铬铁矿石中发现一个由70~80种矿物组成的地幔矿物群,其中包括新矿物罗布莎矿,还有金刚石、柯石英、碳硅石、方铁矿、以及Fe-Si相矿物。所有这些矿物都是从豆荚铬铁矿石的人工大样中经选矿后得到的。罗布莎矿作为主矿物而含有自然硅和fersilicite[FeSi]的包裹体或呈交生体与自然硅共生。罗布莎矿呈不规则粒状,粒径0.1~0.2mm,由细粒聚合体组成,呈钢灰色,金属光泽,不透明。以Si为基础实验分子式为Fe0.83Si2。X-射线分析资料斜方晶系,空间群Cmca,a=9.874(14)A。,b=7.784(5)A。,c=7.829(7)A。,V=601.7(9)A。3,Z=16。罗布莎矿已为国际新矿物和矿物命名委员会批准,样品保存在中国地质博物馆。

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