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埃尔尼诺的模拟和预测

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Abstract:

众所周知,埃尔尼诺是以出现在美洲秘鲁和厄瓜多尔沿海区域数千千米尺度的异常高的暖水为特征的异常的海洋和天气事件,当埃尔尼诺现象出现时,全球性的大气环流发生变化,出现全球性天气异常.因而,它已被看成是全球年际气候变化的最突出的一种标志.

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