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温度、气氛和淬冷对阿利特固溶和多晶转变的影响(英文)

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Abstract:

利用X射线衍射和等离子电感耦合等离子发射光谱研究了烧成温度、烧成气氛、淬冷开始温度等参数对实验室熟料中阿利特的多晶转变和Al3+,Fe3+,Mg2+等主要杂质离子固溶量的影响。随煅烧温度升高,阿利特对称性升高,不掺杂熟料中阿利特晶型从MⅠ转变为MⅠ和MⅢ型的混合体;掺杂熟料中阿利特晶型从MⅠ转变为M和R型混合体。氧化气氛烧成熟料中阿利特的对称性高于还原气氛烧成的。还原气氛烧成熟料中阿利特无论掺杂与否,阿利特室温保留晶型都呈现MⅢ型晶体衍射特征。氧化气氛下烧成掺杂熟料中阿利特以R型为主并含有M型的混合体,不掺杂熟料中阿利特以MⅢ型晶体存在。掺杂熟料从1450℃淬冷可以保留较多的R型阿利特。在其它较低温度淬冷,掺杂熟料中阿利特更多呈现MⅠ型晶体的衍射特征。不掺杂熟料中阿利特在所有开始温度淬冷,都呈现M型衍射特征,其原因在于随煅烧温度升高以及随淬冷起始温度的升高,Al3+在阿利特中的固溶量升高,Fe3+的固溶量有所降低,Mg2+的固溶量则没有明显变化。氧化气氛下烧成的阿利特中Al3+的固溶量要高于还原气氛下的,而还原气氛下烧成的阿利特中Fe3+/Fe2+的固溶量高于氧化气氛下的。

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