All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

航空学报  2015 

ADS-B统计数据的位置导航不确定类别质量分析

DOI: 10.7527/S1000-6893.2015.0004, PP. 3128-3136

Keywords: 广播式自动相关监视,位置导航不确定类别,航迹融合,分位数-分位数图,统计分析

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract:

为实现广播式自动相关监视(ADS-B)航迹与雷达航迹的高质量融合,必须对ADS-B航迹和雷达航迹数据质量进行分析。在分析实际ADS-B航迹数据的基础上,提出以航路为参考基准验证ADS-B航迹数据精度及完好性的方法。根据ADS-B报文中的位置导航不确定类别(NUCp)值,统计航迹点与航路中心线的水平偏差并将其作为位置实际误差,运用分位数-分位数图法对位置实际误差进行正态分布检验,得出置信水平为99%的实际误差置信区间,即在不同NUCp值下可信赖的位置误差范围。实验结果表明,在采用加权平均法进行航迹融合时,与传统权重分配相比,对于NUCp值为5或6的ADS-B航迹数据可增大权重,而对于NUCp值为7的数据则应减小权重。

References

[1]  Civil Aviation Administration of China. China's civil aviation ADS-B implementation plan[S]. Beijing: Civil Aviation Administration of China, 2012 (in Chinese). 中国民用航空局. 中国民用航空ADS-B实施规划[S]. 北京: 中国民用航空局, 2012.
[2]  Zhang J, Liu W, Zhu Y B. Study of ADS-B data evaluation[J]. Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, 2011, 24(4): 461-466.
[3]  Sun Y, Wu R B. The data fusion of multi-radar and ADS-B in ATC automation system[C]//Proceedings of the 25th China (Tianjin) 2011 IT, Networking, Information Technology, Electronics, Instrumentation Innovations Conference. Tianjin: Tianjin Electronic Society, 2011: 10-14 (in Chinese). 孙沂, 吴仁彪. 空管自动化系统的多雷达与ADS-B数据融合技术综合[C]//第二十五届中国(天津)2011 IT、网络、信息技术、电子、仪器仪表创新学术会议论文集. 天津: 天津市电子学会, 2011: 10-14.
[4]  Wu Z Y, Wang M H, Zhang R P, et al. ADS-B based algorithm for real-time optimal of radar biases[J]. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 2013, 48(1): 102-106 (in Chinese). 吴振亚, 王明辉, 张瑞平, 等. 一种基于ADS-B的雷达误差实时融合校正算法[J]. 西南交通大学学报, 2013, 48(1): 102-106.
[5]  Mueller R K. Quality of reported NACp in surveillance and broadcast services systems[C]//Proceedings of IEEE/AIAA 28th Digital Avionics System Conference. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2009: 1-8.
[6]  Lv Z P, Wang L L, Ni Y D. Navigation data resource availability of ADS-B[C]//Proceedings of 2011 International Conference on Transportation, Mechanical, and Electrical Engineering. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2011: 572-575.
[7]  Shen X Y, Tang P, Zhang S Y, et al. A method for soft failure detection of airborne GPS receiver[J]. Electronics Optics & Control, 2014, 21(10): 47-51 (in Chinese). 沈笑云, 唐鹏, 张思远, 等. 机载GPS接收机软故障检测方法的研究[J]. 电光与控制, 2014, 21(10): 47-51.
[8]  Zhang X J, Qu J M, Zhang Q S. Research and development on automatic dependent surveillance system based on VHF datalink[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1999, 25(5): 521-523 (in Chinese). 张学军, 屈剑明, 张其善. 基于VHF数据链的自动相关监视系统[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 1999, 25(5): 521-523.
[9]  Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA). DO-260 Minimum operational performance standards for 1090 MHz extended squatter automatic dependent surveillance broadcast (ADS-B)[S]. Washington, D.C.: RTCA, 2000.
[10]  Civil Aviation Administration of China. The airworthiness and operational approval guidelines of 1090 MHz ES automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast in none radar areas[S]. Beijing: Civil Aviation Administration of China, 2010 (in Chinese). 中国民用航空局. 在无雷达区使用1090兆赫扩展电文广播式自动相关监视的适航和运行批准指南[S]. 北京: 中国民用航空局, 2010.
[11]  Bai S H. Variable period updating algorithm of multiradar and ADS data fusion[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2007, 7(2): 19-23 (in Chinese). 白松浩. 多雷达与ADS数据融合的可变周期更新算法[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2007, 7(2): 19-23.
[12]  Jiang Y P, Zhang J, Zhu Y B, et al. Analyzing ADS-B outage reasons[C]//Proceedings of the 15th Youth Annual Conference of Chinese Institute of Electronics. Beijing: Electronic Society of China, 2009: 94-97 (in Chinese). 蒋一平, 张军, 朱衍波, 等. 关于ADS-B实际运行中出现问题的分析[C]//中国电子学会第十五届青年学术年会论文集. 北京: 中国电子学会, 2009: 94-97.
[13]  Civil Aviation Administration of China. ATC office issues a temporary using license for the ADS-B equipment manufactured by Jiuzhou atc company [EB/OL]. (2012-11-14) [2014-05-30]. http://www.caac.gov.cn/dev/kgbgs/GZDT/201211/t20121114_52490.html (in Chinese). 中国民用航空局. 空管办向九洲空管公司ADS-B设备颁发临时使用许可证[EB/OL]. (2012-11-14) [2014-05-30]. http://www.caac.gov.cn/dev/kgbgs/GZDT/201211/t20121114_52490.html.
[14]  Zhang J Q. ATC latest application of new technology in China[EB/OL]. (2012-5-24) [2014-05-30]. http://news.carnoc.com/list/223/223338.html (in Chinese). 张建强. 空管新技术在中国的最新应用[EB/OL]. (2012-5-24) [2014-05-30]. http://news.carnoc.com/list/223/223338.html.
[15]  Zhong J H, Liu W D, Wang D D, et al. Analysis on ADS-B surveillance data quality[J]. Journal of Xi'an Aeronautical University, 2013, 31(3): 72-75 (in Chinese). 钟建华, 刘卫东, 王冬冬, 等. ADS-B监视数据质量分析研究[J]. 西安航空学院学报, 2013, 31(3): 72-75.
[16]  Wang H Y, Wang C, Zhao Y F. Research on air route safety separation based on ADS-B statistical data[J]. China Safety Science Journal, 2013, 23(2): 103-108 (in Chinese). 王红勇, 王晨, 赵嶷飞. 基于ADS-B统计数据的航路安全间隔研究[J]. 中国安全科学学报, 2013, 23(2): 103-108.
[17]  Richard A J, Dean W W. Applied multivariate statistical analysis[M]. Lu X, Ye J, translated. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2008: 135-139 (in Chinese). Richard A J, Dean W W. 实用多元统计分析[M]. 陆璇, 叶俊, 译. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2008: 135-139.
[18]  Cedrini V, Zacchei M, Zampognaro V. ADS-B 1090ES implementation: The CRISTAL-MED project[J]. IEEE Digital Communications- Enhanced Surveillance of Aircraft and Vehicles, 2008: 1-5.
[19]  Zhang X J, Zhang Q S. Data fusion of ADS-SSR in air traffic management[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2001, 27(1): 24-27 (in Chinese). 张学军, 张其善. ATM中的ADS-SSR数据融合研究[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2001, 27(1): 24-27.
[20]  Besada J A, Garcia J, de Miguel G, et al. Data fusion algorithms based on radar and ADS measurements for ATC application[C]//Proceedings of the Record of the IEEE 2000 International Radar Conference. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2000: 98-103.
[21]  Bourgeois R L, Castella F R. System integrity and track accuracy methodology for the traffic information service-broadcast(TIS-B)[C]//Proceedings of the 23rd Digital Avionics System Conference. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2004: 1.B.3-1-10.

Full-Text

comments powered by Disqus