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硫酸锌处理对玉米幼苗养分和锌累积的影响

DOI: 10.11654/jaes.2015.01.005, PP. 29-36

Keywords: 锌污染,氮磷钾,玉米,发芽

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Abstract:

采用0、400、800、1200和1600mg·L-15个硫酸锌浓度(以ZnSO4·7H2O计)的溶液浸泡玉米种子以模拟锌(Zn)污染处理,研究Zn对萌发阶段(第1、4、7、10d)玉米幼苗胚根、胚芽生物量和养分(氮、磷和钾)累积以及胚乳干物质和养分消耗动态的影响,及其与萌发第10d的胚根、胚芽和胚乳Zn累积的关系.结果表明,种子中钾的转化速率最快,其次为磷.低于800mg·L-1的处理,具有刺激玉米胚乳、胚芽和胚根中物质转化,促进幼苗氮、磷和钾养分累积和植株生长的效应;进一步升高Zn的浓度,则对胚乳、胚芽和胚根中的物质转化存在明显的抑制效应.随Zn浓度的增加,胚芽、胚根和胚乳中的Zn累积量均呈线性增高的趋势,Zn在玉米幼苗的分配量为胚乳>胚根>胚芽,胚根对Zn污染较胚芽敏感;胚乳中氮的残余量与其Zn累积量呈显著的正相关关系(P<0.05).因此,环境中的高浓度Zn,可显著增加萌发阶段的玉米胚乳Zn的累积量,降低其中的氮的转化速率,抑制玉米的生长.

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