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海洋科学  2008 

海洋生物膜的形成及其对金属腐蚀的影响

, PP. 71-75

Keywords: 生物膜,微电极,溶解氧,金属腐蚀

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Abstract:

为了揭示海洋生物膜形成对金属腐蚀的影响,描述了在不锈铜上形成的海水生物膜,制备了伏安微电极,并测量生物膜中氧化还原化学成分如溶解氧、过氧化氢、锰和硫在不同位置的垂直分布。结果表明,生物膜中存在溶解氧的垂直浓度梯度。在溶解氧浓度小于10μmol/L条件下,生物膜中的某些位置出现过氧化氢和锰离子,在无氧条件下,生物膜中有硫化物出现,这些化学成分表明生物膜中确实有锰氧化还原菌或者硫酸盐还原菌的活动迹象。生物膜在固体表面的分布是不均匀的,浓差电池或者生物极化作用的存在意味着生物膜的形成可能加速金属基体表面的局部

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