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电网技术  2015 

青海电网二次谐波传导机理与抑制措施

DOI: 10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2015.08.032, PP. 2277-2282

Keywords: 青藏直流系统,2次谐波,转移阻抗,电网等值模型,励磁涌流

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Abstract:

青海750kV电网官亭主变空载变压器合闸曾引起青藏直流双极闭锁事故,针对青海电网低次谐波传导机理与抑制措施开展了相关研究。首先计算750kV官亭站与330kV柴达木换流站之间的节点转移阻抗,判断出网架内存在二次谐振的风险;然后在EMTDC环境下搭建青海电网等值模型,对网架内各节点的背景谐波水平进行仿真,通过仿真结果与实测数据的对比,验证了模型的准确性;在此基础上根据合空变励磁涌流测试数据,在仿真模型中模拟官亭主变空载合闸引起青藏直流谐波保护动作的工况,确定了谐波传导至柴达木换流母线的放大水平;最后基于换流母线上出现的最严重低次谐波工况,提出了几类谐波抑制措施,并通过仿真评估了几类措施的抑制效果。

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