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电网技术  2015 

基于负荷资源分类建模和启发式策略的家居型微电网优化运行

DOI: 10.13335/j.1000-3673.pst.2015.08.018, PP. 2180-2187

Keywords: 家居型微电网,负荷资源分类建模,优化运行,敏感度分析

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Abstract:

家居型微电网是微网的众多形态之一,通常用户对能耗和用电方式的影响持模糊态度,从用户侧角度出发,以广义需求侧资源为基础,提出结合启发式策略和智能优化的协同优化模型。基于可控型家居负荷的分类方法,利用混合二进制微分进化算法对不同类型负荷的运行方式、可再生能源分配比进行优化,在目标函数中建立实时电价与可计划负荷、用户不满意度三者间的联动机制,提出了含双周期同步、递进式种群更新的模型求解方法。针对实际家居型微网系统的优化数据,分析了储能系统运行方式对优化目标的影响,并验证了所提模型的稳健性,该模型可为家居型微电网的应用推广提供数据和理论支撑。

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