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使用防护带抑制微带线间串扰的研究

Keywords: 防护带,耦合微带线,近端串扰,远端串扰,有限元法

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Abstract:

为减少耦合微带线间的串扰,在满足端接匹配的条件下,建立了印刷电路板(PCB)耦合微带线间串扰测试结构.通过有限元分析和实验测试,研究了在PCB微带线之间未加防护带和添加防护带对线间串扰的影响,考察了线间串扰对防护带的宽度和接地孔间距的依赖性.数值分析和实验结果表明,为了获得抑制PCB微带线间串扰的最佳效果,防护带的宽度存在一个最佳值,使用此最佳值,近端串扰峰值衰减要比没有防护带时多9dB,远端串扰峰值衰减多7dB;使用增加宽度的防护带抑制非平行微带线间串扰同样有效;防护带上密布的接地孔间距必须满足一个临界条件;而接地孔半径的变化对串扰没有影响.

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