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草业学报  2015 

南方根结线虫侵染对不同抗性番茄砧木渗调物质及羟脯氨酸含量的比较

DOI: 10.11686/cyxb2014333, PP. 123-130

Keywords: 番茄,砧木幼苗,南方根结线虫,渗透调节物质,细胞壁羟脯氨酸

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Abstract:

为探讨番茄砧木对南方根结线虫的抗性生理机制,以高感砧木Ls-89与高抗砧木坂砧2号为试材,采用盆栽人工接种线虫二龄幼虫法,研究了南方根结线虫侵染对不同抗性番茄砧木幼苗渗透调节物质及细胞壁羟脯氨酸含量的影响。研究表明,未接种南方根结线虫的番茄砧木幼苗,其根系与叶片可溶性糖、可溶性蛋白、脯氨酸等渗透调节物质与细胞壁羟脯氨酸含量变化并未因品种抗性不同而有显著差异(P>0.05);接种南方根结线虫后,渗透调节物质含量与细胞壁羟脯氨酸含量变化规律基本一致,均呈周期性升高,且坂砧2号升幅显著高于Ls-89(P<0.05)。据此认为,可溶性糖、可溶性蛋白、脯氨酸、细胞壁羟脯氨酸等物质的含量变化均与番茄砧木幼苗对南方根结线虫的抗性密切相关,可作为评判植株抗性的综合指标。

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