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草业学报  2015 

PEG模拟干旱胁迫下8种绿肥作物萌发特性与抗旱性评价

DOI: 10.11686/cyxb20150309, PP. 89-98

Keywords: 绿肥,PEG胁迫,萌发期,抗旱性,黄淮海地区

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Abstract:

采用不同浓度PEG-6000溶液模拟干旱胁迫的方法,对大麦、黑麦草、二月兰等8种绿肥种子的萌发特性和抗旱性进行了研究。研究结果表明:1)低浓度的PEG-6000对大麦、冬牧70黑麦、毛叶苕子等7种绿肥作物种子的萌发有一定促进作用。2)低浓度的PEG-6000对8种绿肥作物种子胚根的伸长均有一定的促进作用,但对胚芽反而表现出抑制作用。3)随着胁迫程度的加剧,8种绿肥作物种子的发芽率、胚根长、胚芽长、萌发胁迫指数、萌发抗旱指数不断下降,而胚根/胚芽比值却持续上升。4)利用隶属函数分析得出8种绿肥作物种子萌发期的抗旱性强弱次序为:籽粒苋>白芥末>黑麦草>冬牧70黑麦>沙打旺>毛叶苕子>大麦>二月兰,据其综合评价值分为3类,籽粒苋、白芥末为强抗旱作物种类,黑麦草、冬牧70黑麦、沙打旺、毛叶苕子、大麦为中等抗旱作物种类,二月兰为弱抗旱作物。因此,抗旱性强的籽粒苋、白芥末适宜在黄淮海地区干旱少雨的地区种植。

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