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中国利率期限结构的理论与实证研究——基于无套利DNS模型和DNS模型

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Keywords: 无套利DNS模型,DNS模型,期限结构,仿射因子模型

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Abstract:

?随着中国利率市场化进程的推进和利率衍生产品的丰富,利率作为证券定价的核心变量之一,如何对其进行有效预测成为资产定价的关键。无套利DNS利率模型是在DNS模型的基础上发展而来,理论研究表明它是受约束的高斯仿射过程。本文以2005-2012年上交所国债价格月度数据隐含的利率期限结构为样本,利用准极大似然法对无套利DNS模型和DNS模型进行估计,研究结果表明:无套利DNS模型兼顾了仿射利率模型的无套利条件和DNS模型实证效果;它保持了DNS模型的预测优势,所有期限的预测误差都在1.5个基点以内;模型常数调整项的特征是随着利率期限的延长,调整力度逐步增强。

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