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塑料套管混凝土桩单桩承载特性研究

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Keywords: 道路工程,塑料套管混凝土桩,现场试验,承载特性,侧摩阻力

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Abstract:

?为研究塑料套管混凝土桩(TC桩)的承载特性,采用室内试验研究外设塑料套管对桩体竖向抗压强度的影响;结合现场试验,对不同桩尖类型的桩体进行了静载和荷载传递试验,分析不同桩尖类型的TC桩单桩承载能力和桩身轴力、侧摩阻力及端阻力的变化规律。建立了TC桩单桩沉降和侧摩阻力的简化计算方法,并与现场实测数据进行了对比。试验结果和理论分析结果表明:外设的塑料套管可提高桩身混凝土的竖向抗压强度约23%~38%;桩尖直径为26cm圆形桩尖的单桩静载试验的极限承载力最大,其次是30cm圆形桩尖、方形桩尖、十字形桩尖;侧摩阻力沿桩深呈两头小中间大的态势,最大侧摩阻力发生在2/5~4/5桩深范围内;所得的理论值与实测值相吻合。

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