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直流逆变站电压稳定测度指标及紧急控制

DOI: 10.13334/j.0258-8013.pcsee.2015.02.011, PP. 344-352

Keywords: 特高压直流,逆变站,动态无功特性,电压稳定,无功平衡,戴维南等值,稳定测度指标,直流电流控制

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Abstract:

特高压直流逆变器在大功率传输有功功率的同时,需要由大容量容性滤波器和电容器组补偿其无功消耗。以逆变器和补偿器为主要部件的直流逆变站,其综合动态无功特性会对受端交流系统电压稳定性产生显著影响。该文分析了交流电压大幅波动过程中,逆变站综合动态无功需求特性,以及交流戴维南等值系统无功供给能力特性;揭示逆变站因电压降低无功需求增大,以及交流系统因联系电抗增加无功供给能力降低,导致无功供需失衡,是直流威胁受端系统电压稳定的根本原因。提出基于交流戴维南等值参数的逆变站动态电压稳定测度指标,定量评估直流逆变站馈入受端系统的电压稳定裕度;基于该指标,提出改善受端系统电压稳定性的直流电流控制策略。仿真结果验证了稳定测度指标及电流控制策略的有效性。

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