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水在高温硫化硅橡胶中的扩散特性研究

DOI: 10.13334/j.0258-8013.pcsee.2015.01.028, PP. 231-239

Keywords: 高温硫化硅橡胶,水分子,扩散过程,固体核磁共振,Arrhenius方程

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Abstract:

水分侵入是造成复合绝缘子高温硫化硅橡胶伞裙、护套材料老化的主要因素之一。为了获得能够准确描述水分子在硅橡胶中扩散的扩散模型和扩散特性,使用固体核磁共振(nuclearmagneticresonance,NMR)技术,分析了水分子在硅橡胶中的存在状态;并通过称重法试验,获得了水分子在硅橡胶中扩散时硅橡胶的增重曲线。研究表明,水分子在硅橡胶中存在“自由态”和“结合态”两种不同的状态。固体核磁共振和称重法的试验结果都表明,水分子在硅橡胶中的扩散过程符合Langmuir扩散模型,而不符合经典的Fick扩散模型。同时研究了水分子扩散过程的影响因素,结果发现:自由态水分子的含量随温度的升高而增加,结合态水分子的含量随温度的升高而降低,且温度对扩散系数的影响符合经典的Arrhenius方程;硅橡胶中的氢氧化铝(ATH)填料含量的增加会导致结合态水分子含量的增加,但ATH含量对自由态水分子含量的影响不显著。

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