This study tried to establish if childhood maltreatment mediates the established relationship between family environ-ment and psychological well-being, in a sample of Maltese university students (N = 312). However, our analysis sug-gested partial mediation only. Moreover, results indicated that abusive families are less loving, socially integrated, organized, and more conflicted. Family environment contributed positively, albeit limited, to cognitive well-being after controlling for child abuse history. In particular, cohesion, do add unique variance to subjective well-being, after controlling for child abuse. This study replicates classic research on the important role that family environment plays in children’s holistic development.
D. Finkelhor, “Improving Research, Policy, and Practice to Understand Child Sexual Abuse,” Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 280, No. 21, 1998. Retrieved 8 August 2001, from www.jama.amassn.org/ issues/v280n21/ffull/jed80096.html
J. R. Dickie, A. K. Esleman, D. M. Merasco, A. Shepard, W. M. Vander and M. Johnson, “Parent-Child Relationships and Children’s Images of God,” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 36, No. 1, 1997, pp. 25- 43.
D. Kane, S. E. Cheston and J. Greer, “Perceptions of God by Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse: An Exploratory Study in an Under Researched Area,” Journal of Psychology and Theology, Vol. 21, No. 3, 1993, pp. 228-237.
J. W. Ciarrocchi and E. Deneke, “Happiness and the Varieties of Religious Experience: Religious Support, Practices, and Spirituality as Predictors of Well-Being,” Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 15, 2004, pp. 204-233.
L. A. Meyerson, P. J. Long, R. Miranda and B. P. Marx, “The Influence of Childhood Sexual Abuse, Physical Abuse, Family Environment, and Gender on the Psychological Adjustment of Adolescents,” Child Abuse & Neglect, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2002, pp. 387-406.
J. R. Bramblett, Jr., “A Qualitative Study of Family Dynamics and Coping Resources among Adult Male Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse,” Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities & Social Sciences, Vol. 59, No. 5-A, 1998, p. 1787.
J. V. Morales, “The Relative Contribution of Family Environment, Social Support, Patriarchal Values and Coping in Sexual Abuse Recovery,” Dissertation Abstract International B: Sciences & Engineering, Vol. 57, No. 1-B, 1996, p. 0704.
J. M. Whealin, S. Davies, A. Shaffer, J. Jackson and L. Love, “Family Context and Childhood Adjustment Associated with Intra-Familial Unwanted Sexual Attention,” Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2002, pp. 151-165.
M. Galea, J. W. Ciarrocchi, R. L. Piedmont and R. J. Wicks, “Child Abuse, Personality, and Spirituality as Predictors of Happiness in Maltese College Students,” Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 18, 2007, pp. 141-154.
D. P. Bernstein, L. Fink, L. Handelsman, J. Foote, M. Lovejoy, K. Wenzelf, E. Sapareto and J. Ruggiero, “Initial Reliability and Validity of a New Retrospective Measure of Child Abuse and Neglect,” American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 151, No. 8, 1994, pp. 1132-1136.
R, M. Baron and D. A. Kenny, “The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic, aAnd Statistical Considerations,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 51, No. 6, 1986, pp. 1173-1182.
J. M. Rey, G. Walter, J. M. Plapp and E. Denshire, “Family Environment in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity, Oppositional Defiant, and Conduct Disorders,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2000, pp. 453-457.
C. Zammit, “Children at Risk: Paper presented for Discussion at the Seminar on Child Care,” Department of Family Welfare, Malta, October 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2001, from http://www.geocities.com/Athens/4185/ CarmZammit.htm