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永磁同步电机低速无传感器控制及位置估计误差补偿

, PP. 38-45

Keywords: 表贴式永磁同步电机,无位置传感器,高频信号注入,位置估计误差补偿

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Abstract:

针对转子磁钢表贴式永磁同步电机(SurfaceMountedPermanentMagnetSynchronousMotor,SPMSM),提出了一种新型的脉振高频电压信号注入无传感器低速(和零速)的控制方法及位置估计误差补偿策略。首先设计了位置与转速估计系统,提出了一种调制信号的选取方法,实现了零速下转子任意初始位置检测、起动以及低速稳态运行;其次,针对随着转速的升高,转子的估计位置与实际位置误差会逐渐变大的问题,提出了一种误差补偿策略,保证了系统的可靠运行。实验结果表明,所提方法可以实现SPMSM低速(和零速)范围内无位置传感器控制,并解决了随转速升高位置估计误差变大的问题,为该方法能够适用于更宽转速范围提供了理论和实验基础。

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