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工程力学  2014 

大跨屋盖表面旋涡的PIV试验研究

DOI: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2013.05.0486, PP. 161-169

Keywords: 平屋盖,马鞍屋盖,锥形涡,分离泡,PIV

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Abstract:

该文通过风洞流场显示试验,观察了大跨平屋盖和马鞍屋盖表面的分离泡和锥形涡现象,给出了不同风向、不同屋盖表面的旋涡流线和涡量场分布;分析了风向角、屋盖曲率对于旋涡形态的影响。试验结果表明,当风向垂直于平屋盖迎风前缘时,屋盖表面将形成典型的分离泡现象,且分离泡的涡核位置恰好对应了涡量场的负向峰值。在斜向风作用下,平屋盖和以高点作为迎风点的马鞍屋盖表面将出现锥形涡。观察旋涡的平均流线和涡量场分布图,发现当来流沿两种屋盖对角线时,锥形涡截面形状接近圆形;当来流偏离屋盖对角线时,在靠近来流的一侧,锥形涡截面形状接近椭圆形;流场内负向涡量分布于壁面上,峰值集中在迎风前缘附近和旋涡周围。在相同的风向角下,曲率较大的马鞍表面锥形涡涡轴与屋盖迎风前缘所成角度较大,曲率较小的马鞍表面锥形涡涡轴与迎风前缘所成角度较小。此外,旋涡的瞬时流线图表明,锥形涡是一种瞬时变化的流体现象,其形态和位置在每个瞬时都不相同。

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