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工程力学  2013 

除冰盐环境下水泥混凝土路面传力杆的锈蚀机理与传荷失效过程分析

DOI: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2012.08.0619, PP. 199-205

Keywords: 道路工程,传力杆,锈胀开裂耦合模型,扩展有限元法,弥散裂纹

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Abstract:

传力杆锈蚀所引起的混凝土保护层开裂是影响水泥混凝土路面结构使用寿命的重要因素。该文基于扩展有限元方法,建立了传力杆锈蚀产物-混凝土保护层耦合作用开裂力学分析模型。使用此模型模拟了混凝土保护层锈胀开裂过程中的弥散分布裂纹起裂及扩展演化行为,研究了除冰盐环境下传力杆因锈蚀引起传荷失效的过程。设计传力杆试件的除冰盐环境室外暴露试验对数值模拟结果进行验证,发现两者在锈胀开裂模式方面符合较好。根据已验证的模型分析发现:传力杆的松动是促使其快速脱钝,并发生严重锈蚀的初始条件,松动量对传力杆表面锈蚀产物的物相组成比例无明显影响;锈蚀产物体积膨胀造成混凝土保护层出现龟裂,降低了混凝土为传力杆提供支承的能力,是传力杆因锈蚀导致传荷失效的主要原因。

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