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基于高分辨率遥感数据的矿山环境综合治理研究——以冕宁牦牛坪稀土矿为例

DOI: 10.6046/gtzyyg.2015.04.18, PP. 115-121

Keywords: 高分辨率遥感,矿山环境,治理区划,综合治理,防治对策

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Abstract:

针对我国社会重点关注的矿山环境治理问题,使用高分辨率遥感数据,选择位于四川省西南部的冕宁牦牛坪稀土矿区开展了矿山环境综合治理区划研究。采用SPOT6卫星图像遥感解译和野外调查相结合的方法,准确查明该矿区的矿山土地压占、矿山地质灾害、矿山环境污染、尾矿库分布、矿山恢复治理和矿山开采点等状况;根据建立的矿山环境综合分析方法,对该矿区遥感调查结果进行综合分析,并在此基础上开展矿区恢复治理区划,提出治理对策与建议。研究结果表明:本次研究成果数据客观、及时、准确,可为国家有关部门进行矿山保护治理工作部署提供依据,同时对促进矿山遥感监测工作成果的推广应用具有积极意义。

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