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管理评论  2015 

我国随机事故发生时间的机场应急物资储备——基于单个应急准备阶段的医疗物资应急库存决策

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Keywords: 应急物资,随机发生,应急准备,风险规避

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Abstract:

机场是民航事故的高发区,机场的医疗应急物资及装备具有重要的战略意义。针对生命周期较短且要求质量高的医疗应急物资及装备,本文建立了应急准备阶段单个事故发生的应急物资储备决策模型。模型考虑了事故发生时间和物资需求的不确定性,包括了风险中性和风险规避准则下的随机事故发生时间决策和确定事故发生时间决策,得出应急物资最优库存水平不仅与物资保质期有关,还与随机变量的分布有关;事故发生时间的不确定性对不同风险准则下的最优决策是不同的;利用概率密度函数再次验证了风险规避准则下的决策是平衡风险和费用损失的结果。

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